# Plotter

The graphic answer type aims to allow questions with an answer requiring the student to draw something on a canvas instead of selecting an option or writing an algebraic expression. With this feature, students will be able to draw points, lines, circles, conic sections, and more, and the new evaluation criteria will do the rest! You need to select the *Plotter* answer type for drawing answers involving geometric content.

## Graphic answer type

When the *Plotter* option is selected, the drawing tool replaces the equation editor. Using the upper toolbar, you may readily draw the correct answer to the question. Bear in mind students will use the same toolbar (or a reduced version) to answer the question. They will also be able to use handwriting to do so, for which you can see more details here.

It's also possible to include initial content for the students. It can be beneficial when, for instance, we want them to indicate some elements of a given object.

As a brand new option of WirisQuizzes, it's also possible to import information from the initial content to the correct answer or vice-versa. Thus, you can build the corresponding graph once, and it will appear automatically on the correct answer, ready to be edited.

## Input options

In the *Input options* screen, you can control how the *toolbar* provided to the students is displayed, the offered *auxiliary input*, and several other options.

### Customize toolbar

Sometimes, we may not provide the student with all the graph resources. In the *Customize toolbar* section, you can define which will be shown in the student's graph by simply checking or unchecking the corresponding box. They are all selected by default.

The graph resources are divided into five sections explained below: toolbar, menu, floating, contextual (elements), and contextual (labels).

#### Toolbar

The *Toolbar* is at the core of many of the graph's possibilities. You can hide some icons to facilitate the research of those the students need or make the problem's resolution a little bit more complicated.

Element | Description | Icon |
---|---|---|

Select | To select objects and see their algebraic expression and modify their properties. | |

Handwriting | To handwrite any of the existing objects. See how here. | |

Point | To draw a single point. | |

Lines | Line: To draw a line passing through two given points. | |

Segment: To draw a segment between two given points. | ||

Ray: To draw a ray given a starting point and a direction. | ||

Midpoint of a segment: To draw the midpoint of a segment. | ||

Mediatrix of a segment: To draw the mediatrix line of a segment. | ||

Parallel line: To draw the perpendicular line given a starting point and the initial line. | ||

Perpendicular line: To draw the perpendicular line given a starting point and the initial line. | ||

Vector: To draw a vector given a starting point and a direction. | ||

Parallelogram: To draw a parallelogram given a starting point and two different directions. | ||

Polyline: To draw a polyline given an ordered set of points. | ||

Polygon: To draw a polygon given a closed ordered set of points. | ||

Conic sections | Circle by centre and point: To draw a circle given its centre and a belonging point. | |

Circle by three points: To draw a circle passing through three given points. | ||

Arc: To draw an arc of circumference. | ||

Parabola: To draw a parabola given a directrix line and its centre. | ||

Ellipse: To draw an ellipse given an axis and a belonging point. | ||

Hyperbola: To draw a hyperbola given. | ||

Conic: To draw a general conic section given five belonging points. | ||

Interpolating polynomial: To draw a polynomial passing through a given set of points. | ||

Measures | Area: To fill an enclosed region and calculate its area. | |

Angle: To calculate the counterclockwise angle between two given elements. | ||

Length: To calculate the length of a bounded unidimensional element. | ||

Label | To include any label within the plotter. | |

Expression | To include the graphic representation of any mathematical expression. | |

Image | To include an image within the plotter |

#### Floating

The *Floating* elements are thought to facilitate the students' view of the plotter and make the content creation more comfortable.

Element | Description | Icon |
---|---|---|

Zoom in | To zoom in the plotter. | |

Zoom out | To zoom out the plotter. | |

Anima | To make the elements apparition dynamic. The different objects of the answer will appear one by one in its creation order. | |

Maximize | To maximize (or minimize) the plotter. |

#### Contextual (elements)

The *Contextual (elements)* options enable the capability of modifying a plotted object's appearance.

Element | Description | Icon |
---|---|---|

Fix label | To fix the algebraic expression of the represented object | |

Line width | To modify the line width of the represented object | |

Line style | To modify the line style of the represented object | |

Line colour | To modify the line colour of the represented object | |

Delete | To delete the represented object | |

Hide element | To hide an element that may be necessary to build the object, but it's not expected to be displayed. |

#### Contextual (labels)

The *Contextual (labels)* enable the capability of representing a function by giving its algebraic expression or including any text in the plotter. The labels in grey are only available if we are introducing a mathematical expression.

Element | Description | Icon |
---|---|---|

Bold | To write text in bold. | |

Italic | To write text in italics. | |

Colour | To write text in any of the available colours. | |

Big fraction | To add a fraction | |

Superscript | To add a superscript. | |

Square root | To add a square root. | |

Root | To add a generic root. | |

Number | To add the irrational numbers $\mathrm{\pi}$ or $\mathrm{e}$ | |

Functions | To add any of the available functions ($\mathrm{sin}$, $\mathrm{tan}$, $\mathrm{log}$, …) | |

Delete | To delete the written text or formulas | |

Hide element | To hide an element that may be necessary to build the object, but it's not expected to be displayed. |

### Answer input method

There are several additional properties you may be interested in customizing when creating a *graphical answer* question. In the *Answer input method* section, you will be able to configure all the following options.

#### Auxiliary input

Here, you can choose what kind of additional entry you want to offer to the students.

There are three options:

**Display auxiliary CalcMe**: You can supply your students with our online calculator while answering the question and set initial content for the calculator if desired. Keep in mind that the calculator can do a lot more than numerical computations!**Display auxiliary text field**: You can provide your students with a text editor to make them include the reasoning they have followed to answer the question. For more details, see this page: Auxiliary input.**Don't show auxiliary input**: Don't show the additional CalcMe calculator nor the auxiliary text editor in the input field for the student's answer.

#### Initial content

Here, you can choose whether students can modify the provided initial content or not. If selected, the initial represented objects will be part of the student's answer and it won't be possible to delete them or change their location.

#### Display settings

Here, you can decide if the student sees the labels' name and value always, never or when they are focused.

#### Magnetic grid settings

Here, you can decide whether the magnetic grid option is enabled for the student answer field. The available options are *Force*, *Snap* or *Disabled*.

## Validation options

The validation options field allows to define us how we want to evaluate the student's answer. This section is divided into two sections, explained below.

### Elements

The *Elements* subsection is thought to select the elements in answer to be evaluated. By default, all the elements will be taken into account, and they will have to match the student's answer to be graded correctly.

On the other hand, it's also possible to distribute the grade among those selected elements if we want to consider partial grading.

### Criteria

The *Criteria* subsection is thought to set the amount of error allowed between the student's answer and the correct answer. Moreover, it's also possible to consider some additional properties explained below.

**Prohibit superfluous elements in the student answer**: There can't be more elements in the student answer than in the correct answer.**Match color**: The elements in the student answer must have the same color as in the correct answer.**Match line type**: The elements in the student answer must have the same line type as in the correct answer.

## Example: Perpendicular line

Imagine creating a question asking to draw, given the line $y=2x+1$, its perpendicular line through the point $(4,0)$. To do so, we have to start defining the initial content. You can use the *line* icon or introduce its algebraic expression.

Once we have defined the initial content, we must move on to the *Correct answer* field and define the perpendicular line. To start, you can use the *Copy from initial content* option.

Then, we need to define which elements we want the students to use to answer. As they have to draw a line, we may be only interested in keeping the *line* icons and the *expression* option.

Finally, we must define the validation properties we want to consider to grade the students' answers correctly. We will only validate the solution if it matches the perpendicular line.

We can preview the question by clicking the *Test this question* button. Thus, we can verify if it's working as we expected.

### Note

We have introduced some new options in the toolbar that may offer a different way to present the question. You can see more details here.