Keyboard shortcuts

Note

Note 1: Shortcuts shown below and mentioned elsewhere in the documentation are based on a US English QWERTY keyboard. Most of the shortcuts are the same for other keyboards, but in some cases will be different. In all cases, you should be able to refer to MathType 7 Customize Keyboard dialog for the correct shortcut assignments.

Note 2: For shortcuts shown here, Shift may or may not be necessary, depending on the shortcut. In cases of alphabetic characters, we'll explicitly show Shift only when it's required. A shortcut of Ctrl+F (for example) does not require Shift , because the convention is to show the Shift key for alphabet characters only when it's required. For other shortcuts, Shift is required if it is normally required to type that character. For example, the shortcut Ctrl+< requires also pressing Shift , because Shift is always required to type a < symbol.

Formatting

Shortcuts for formatting equation elements (same Windows/Mac, unless noted):

  • Insert Tab ( Ctrl+Tab )

  • New Line ( Enter / Return )

  • Nudge Down ( Ctrl+Down / Command+Down )

  • Nudge Left ( Ctrl+Left / Command+Left )

  • Nudge Right ( Ctrl+Right / Command+Right )

  • Nudge Up ( Ctrl+Up / Command+Up )

  • Rotate Fence Alignment ( Ctrl+Shift+A / Command+Shift+A )

Keyboard Modifiers (one-shots)

Shortcuts for specifying the style of the next character typed into the current equation:

  • Greek-Symbol One-Shot Ctrl+G , Mac: Command+G

  • Vector-Matrix One-Shot Ctrl+B , Mac: Command+B

  • User 1 One-Shot Ctrl+U , Mac: Command+U

  • User 2 One-Shot Ctrl+Alt+U , Mac: Command+Option+U

Shortcuts for modifying the method used to insert the next template entered with a keyboard shortcut:

  • Replace Selected Template One-Shot Ctrl+Q

  • Use Alternate Template Form One-Shot Ctrl+Shift+O , Mac: Command+Shift+O

Toolbar Commands

Commands for items appearing on the toolbar:

  • Dock or Float (Windows only) Ctrl+Alt+D

Commands for setting keyboard focus within the toolbar:

  • Focus to Symbol Palettes F2 or F5 , Mac: Command+F5

  • Focus to Template Palettes F6 , Mac: Command+F6

  • Focus to Small Bar F7 , Mac: Command+F7

  • Focus to Large Tabbed Bar F8 , Mac: Command+F8

  • Focus to Small Tabbed Bar F9 , Mac: Command+F9

Commands for setting keyboard focus within the Tabbed Bars:

  • Focus to Tab 1 "Algebra" Ctrl+F10 , 1 , Mac: Command+F10 , 1

  • Focus to Tab 2 "Derivs" Ctrl+F10 , 2 , Mac: Command+F10 , 2

  • Focus to Tab 3 "Statistics" Ctrl+F10 , 3 , Mac: Command+F10 , 3

  • Focus to Tab 4 "Matrices" Ctrl+F10 , 4 , Mac: Command+F10 , 4

  • Focus to Tab 5 "Sets" Ctrl+F10 , 5 , Mac: Command+F10 , 5

  • Focus to Tab 6 "Trig" Ctrl+F10 , 6 , Mac: Command+F10 , 6

  • Focus to Tab 7 "Geometry" Ctrl+F10 , 7 , Mac: Command+F10 , 7

  • Focus to Tab 8 "Tab 8" Ctrl+F10 , 8 , Mac: Command+F10 , 8

  • Focus to Tab 9 "Tab 9" Ctrl+F10 , 9 , Mac: Command+F10 , 9

Window Control

Commands for controlling the application's windows:

  • Minimize

  • Maximize

  • Move

  • Restore

  • Size

Keyboard Shortcuts for Symbols

Follow the links to reach detailed information about individual shortcuts.50x5_blank.png

Symbol Palettes

symbols.gif

Relational Symbols

1-relational_symbols.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • less_than_or_equal_to.gif Less-than or equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , ,

  • greater_than_or_equal_to.gif Greater-than or equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , .

  • much_less_than.gif Much less-than from Extra Math style

  • much_greater_than.gif Much greater-than from Extra Math style

  • precedes.gif Precedes from Extra Math style

  • succeeds.gif Succeeds from Extra Math style

  • normal_subgroup_of.gif Normal subgroup of from Extra Math style

  • contains_as_normal_subgroup.gif Contains as normal subgroup from Extra Math style

  • tilde_operator.gif Tilde operator from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Alt+~

  • almost_equal_to.gif Almost equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , ~

  • asymptotically_equal.gif Asymptotically equal to from Extra Math style

  • approximately_equal.gif Approximately equal to from Symbol style

  • not_equal.gif Not equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , +

  • identical_to.gif Identical to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , =

  • delta_equal_to.gif Delta equal to from Extra Math style

  • estimates.gif Estimates from Extra Math style

  • approaches_limit.gif Approaches the limit from Extra Math style

  • proportional_to.gif Proportional to from Symbol style Ctrl+K , P

Spaces and Ellipses

2-spaces.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • alignment_mark.gif Alignment mark Ctrl ;

  • zero-width_space.gif Zero-width space Shift Space

  • 1-pt_space.gif 1-point space Ctrl Alt Space or Ctrl K , 1

  • thin_space.gif Thin space (1/6 EM) Ctrl Space or Ctrl K , 2

  • thick_space.gif Thick space (1/3 EM) Ctrl+Shift Space or Ctrl K , 3

  • em_space.gif EM space Ctrl K , 4

  • horizontal_ellipsis.gif Horizontal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl . , _

  • math_axis_ellipsis.gif Math-axis ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl . , -

  • vertical_ellipsis.gif Vertical ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl . , |

  • up-right_ellipsis.gif Up right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl . , /

  • down-right_ellipsis.gif Down right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl . , \

Embellishments

3-embellishments.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • remove_all_embellishments.gif Remove all embellishments

  • prime.gif Prime Ctrl Alt '

  • double_prime.gif Double prime Ctrl "

  • triple_prime.gif Triple prime Ctrl+6 , Alt '

  • back_prime.gif Back prime Ctrl+6 , `

  • not.gif Not Ctrl+6 , N

  • strikethrough.gif Strike-through Ctrl+6 , Alt -

  • crossout.gif Cross-out Ctrl+6 , X

  • slash-up.gif Slash (up) Ctrl+6 , /

  • slash-down.gif Slash (down) Ctrl+6 , \

  • single_dot.gif Single dot Ctrl Alt .

  • double_dot.gif Double dot Ctrl+6 , 2

  • triple_dot.gif Triple dot Ctrl+6 , 3

  • quad_dot.gif Quad dot Ctrl+6 , 4

  • under_single_dot.gif Under single dot Ctrl+6 , !

  • under_double_dot.gif Under double dot Ctrl+6 , @

  • under_triple_dot.gif Under triple dot Ctrl+6 , #

  • under_quad_dot.gif Under quad dot Ctrl+6 , $

  • overbar.gif Over-bar Ctrl _

  • tilde.gif Tilde Ctrl+6 , ~

  • arc_frown.gif Arc (frown) Ctrl+6 , 9

  • arc_smile.gif Arc (smile) Ctrl+6 , 0

  • hat.gif Hat Ctrl+6 , 6

  • underbar.gif Under bar Ctrl+6 , _

  • under_tilde.gif Under tilde

  • underfrown.gif Under arc (frown) Ctrl+6 , (

  • undersmile.gif Under arc (smile) Ctrl+6 , )

  • right_arrow.gif Right arrow Ctrl Alt%% -%%

  • left_arrow.gif Left arrow Ctrl+6 , Left

  • double-headed_arrow.gif Double-headed arrow Ctrl+6 , Up

  • harpoon.gif Right harpoon Ctrl+6 , Alt+Right

  • left_harpoon.gif Left harpoon Ctrl+6 , Alt+Left

  • under_right_arrow.gif Under right arrow Ctrl+6 , Shift+Right

  • under_left_arrow.gif Under left arrow Ctrl+6 , Shift+Left

  • under_double_arrow.gif Under double-headed arrow Ctrl+6 , Shift+Up

  • under_harpoon.gif Under right harpoon Ctrl+6 , Alt+Shift+Right

  • under_left_harpoon.gif Under left harpoon Ctrl+6 , Alt+Shift+Left

Operator Symbols

4-operators.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • plus-minus.gif Plus-minus sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , =

  • minus-plus.gif Minus-plus sign from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , +

  • multiplication.gif Multiplication sign from Symbol style Ctrl+K , T

  • asterisk.gif Asterisk operator from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , *

  • division.gif Division sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , /

  • circled_plus.gif Circled plus from Symbol style

  • circled_times.gif Circled times from Symbol style

  • circled_dot.gif Circled dot operator from Extra Math style

  • dot_operator.gif Dot operator from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , .

  • medium_dot_operator.gif Medium dot operator (free radical) from Extra Math style

  • bullet.gif Bullet from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , 8

  • composition.gif Composition from Extra Math style

  • left_angle_bracket.gif Left-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , <

  • right_angle_bracket.gif Right-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , >

  • left_square_bracket.gif Left white square bracket from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , [

  • right_square_bracket.gif Right white square bracket from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , ]

Arrow Symbols

5-arrows.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • left_right_arrow.gif Left right arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Alt+Left

  • rightwards_arrow.gif Rightwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Right

  • leftwards_arrow.gif Leftwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Left

  • up_down_arrow.gif Up down arrow from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Alt+Up

  • upward_arrow.gif Upwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Up

  • downward_arrow.gif Downwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Down

  • left-right_double_arrow.gif Left right double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Alt+Shift+Left

  • rightward_double_arrow.gif Rightwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+Right

  • leftward_double_arrow.gif Leftwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+Left

  • up_down_double_arrow.gif Up down double arrow from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Alt+Shift+Up

  • upward_double_arrow.gif Upwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+Up

  • downward_double_arrow.gif Downwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+Down

  • double_arrow_ne_sw.gif Double arrow northeast southwest from Extra Math style

  • ne_arrow.gif North east arrow from Extra Math style

  • sw_arrow.gif South west arrow from Extra Math style

  • double_arrow_nw_se.gif Double arrow northwest southeast from Extra Math style

  • se_arrow.gif South east arrow from Extra Math style

  • nw_arrow.gif North west arrow from Extra Math style

  • rightward_over_leftward_arrow.gif Rightwards arrow over leftwards arrow from Extra Math style

  • arrow_rightward_over_small_arrow_leftward.gif Arrow rightwards over small arrow leftwards from Extra Math style

  • small_arrow_rightward_over_arrow_leftward.gif Small arrow rightwards over arrow leftwards from Extra Math style

  • right_harpoon_over_left_harpoon.gif Right harpoon over left harpoon from Extra Math style

  • right_harpoon_over_small_left_harpoon.gif Harpoon right over small harpoon left from Extra Math style

  • small_right_harpoon_over_left_harpoon.gif Small harpoon right over harpoon left from Extra Math style

  • rightward_arrow_from_bar.gif Rightwards arrow from bar from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Tab

  • downward_arrow_with_corner_leftward.gif Downwards arrow with corner leftwards from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Enter

Logical Symbols

6-logic.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • therefore.gif Therefore from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , T

  • because_of.gif Because or since from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , B

  • small_contains_as_member.gif Small contains as member from Symbol style

  • there_exists.gif There exists from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , E

  • for_all.gif For all from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , A

  • not.gif Not sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , N

  • logical_and.gif Logical and from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , 7

  • logical_or.gif Logical or from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , \

Set Theory Symbols

7-sets.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • element_of.gif Element of from Symbol style Ctrl+K , E

  • not_an_element_of.gif Not an element of from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+E

  • union_symbol.gif Union from Symbol style Ctrl+K , U

  • intersection_symbol.gif Intersection from Symbol style Ctrl+K , X

  • union_extra.gif Union from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Shift+U

  • intersection_extra.gif Intersection from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , Shift+X

  • subset_of.gif Subset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K , C

  • superset_of.gif Superset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K , S

  • subset_of_or_equal.gif Subset of or equal to from Symbol style

  • superset_of_or_equal_to.gif Superset of or equal to from Symbol style

  • not_a_subset-of.gif Not a subset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+C

  • empty_set.gif Empty set from Symbol style Ctrl+K , O

Miscellaneous Symbols

8-misc.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • partial-d.gif Partial differential from Symbol style Ctrl+K , D

  • weierstrass.gif Weierstrass elliptic symbol from Symbol style

  • fraktur_captital_i.gif Fraktur capital I from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+I

  • fraktur_captital_r.gif Fraktur capital R from Symbol style Ctrl+K , Shift+R

  • alef.gif Alef symbol from Symbol style Ctrl+K , A

  • blackboard_bold_capital_r.gif Blackboard-bold capital R from Extra Math style Ctrl+D , Shift+R

  • blackboard_bold_capital_z.gif Blackboard-bold capital Z from Extra Math style Ctrl+D , Shift+Z

  • blackboard_bold_capital_c.gif Blackboard-bold capital C from Extra Math style Ctrl+D , Shift+C

  • blackboard_bold_capital_q.gif Blackboard-bold capital Q from Extra Math style Ctrl+D , Shift+Q

  • blackboard_bold_capital_n.gif Blackboard-bold capital N from Extra Math style Ctrl+D , Shift+N

  • infinity.gif Infinity from Symbol style Ctrl+K , I

  • planck_over_2_pi.gif Planck constant over two pi from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , H

  • latin_small_lambda_with_stroke.gif Latin small letter lambda with stroke from Extra Math style Ctrl+K , L

  • script_small_l.gif Script small L from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , L

  • dagger.gif Dagger from Function style

  • greek_capital_delta.gif Greek capital letter Delta from Symbol style

  • gradient.gif Gradient (nabla) from Symbol style

  • greek_capital_omega.gif Greek capital letter Omega from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , O

  • inverted_ohm.gif Inverted ohm sign from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , Shift+O

  • diamond.gif Diamond operator from Symbol style

  • greek_capital_letter_sigma.gif N-ary summation from Symbol style

  • n-ary_product.gif N-ary product from Symbol style

  • n-ary_coproduct.gif N-ary coproduct from Extra Math style

  • integral.gif Integral from Symbol style

  • degree.gif Degree sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , D

  • angle.gif Angle from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , Shift+A

  • measured_angle.gif Measured angle from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , Alt+A

  • spherical_angle.gif Spherical angle from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , Alt+Shift+A

  • perpendicular.gif Perpendicular from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K , P

  • parallel.gif Parallel to from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K , |

  • white_up-pointing_triangle.gif White up-pointing triangle from Extra Math style

  • white_sqaure.gif White square from Extra Math style

  • white_rectangle.gif White rectangle from Extra Math style

  • white_parallelogram.gif White parallelogram from Extra Math style

  • white_circle.gif White circle from Extra Math style

Greek Characters (Lowercase)

9-lc_greek.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • greek_small_letter_alpha.gif Greek small letter alpha from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , A

  • greek_small_letter_beta.gif Greek small letter beta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , B

  • greek_small_letter_chi.gif Greek small letter chi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , C

  • greek_small_letter_delta.gif Greek small letter delta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , D

  • greek_small_letter_epsilon.gif Greek small letter epsilon from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , E

  • greek_phi.gif Greek phi symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , F

  • greek_small_letter_phi.gif Greek small letter phi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , J

  • greek_small_letter_gamma.gif Greek small letter gamma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , G

  • greek_small_letter_eta.gif Greek small letter eta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , H

  • greek_small_letter_iota.gif Greek small letter iota from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , I

  • greek_small_letter_kappa.gif Greek small letter kappa from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , K

  • greek_small_letter_lamda.gif Greek small letter lamda from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , L

  • greek_small_letter_mu.gif Greek small letter mu from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , M

  • greek_small_letter_nu.gif Greek small letter nu from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , N

  • greek_small_letter_omicron.gif Greek small letter omicron from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , O

  • greek_small_letter_pi.gif Greek small letter pi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , P

  • greek_pi.gif Greek pi symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , V

  • greek_small_letter_theta.gif Greek small letter theta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Q

  • greek_theta.gif Greek theta symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+J

  • greek_small_letter_rho.gif Greek small letter rho from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , R

  • greek_small_letter_sigma.gif Greek small letter sigma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , S

  • greek_small_letter_final_sigma.gif Greek small letter final sigma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+V

  • greek_small_letter_tau.gif Greek small letter tau from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , T

  • greek_small_letter_upsilon.gif Greek small letter upsilon from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , U

  • greek_small_letter_omega.gif Greek small letter omega from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , W

  • greek_small_letter_xi.gif Greek small letter xi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , X

  • greek_small_letter_psi.gif Greek small letter psi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Y

  • greek_small_letter_zeta.gif Greek small letter zeta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Z

Greek Characters (Uppercase)

10-uc_greek.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • greek_capital_letter_alpha.gif Greek capital letter Alpha from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+A

  • greek_capital_letter_beta.gif Greek capital letter Beta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+B

  • greek_capital_letter_chi.gif Greek capital letter Chi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+C

  • greek_capital_letter_delta.gif Greek capital letter Delta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+D

  • greek_capital_letter_epsilon.gif Greek capital letter Epsilon from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+E

  • greek_capital_letter_phi.gif Greek capital letter Phi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+F

  • greek_capital_letter_gamma.gif Greek capital letter Gamma from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+G

  • greek_capital_letter_eta.gif Greek capital letter Eta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+H

  • greek_capital_letter_iota.gif Greek capital letter Iota from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+I

  • greek_capital_letter_kappa.gif Greek capital letter Kappa from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+K

  • greek_capital_letter_lamda.gif Greek capital letter Lamda from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+L

  • greek_capital_letter_mu.gif Greek capital letter Mu from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+M

  • greek_capital_letter_nu.gif Greek capital letter Nu from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+N

  • greek_capital_letter_omega.gif Greek capital letter Omicron from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+O

  • greek_capital_letter_pi.gif Greek capital letter Pi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+P

  • greek_capital_letter_theta.gif Greek capital letter Theta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+Q

  • greek_capital_letter_rho.gif Greek capital letter Rho from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+R

  • greek_capital_letter_sigma.gif Greek capital letter Sigma from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+S

  • greek_capital_letter_tau.gif Greek capital letter Tau from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+T

  • greek_upsilon_with_hook.gif Greek upsilon with hook symbol from U.C. Greek style

  • greek_capital_letter_omega.gif Greek capital letter Omega from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+W

  • greek_capital_letter_xi.gif Greek capital letter Xi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+X

  • greek_capital_letter_psi.gif Greek capital letter Psi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+Y

  • greek_capital_letter_zeta.gif Greek capital letter Zeta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G , Shift+Z

Keyboard Shortcuts for Templates

Template palettes

templates.gif

Fence templates

1-fences.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • parentheses.gif Parentheses, or round brackets Ctrl+9

  • brackets.gif Brackets, or square brackets Ctrl+[

  • braces.gif Braces, or curly brackets Ctrl+{

  • angle_brackets.gif Angle brackets (inner products, etc.) Ctrl+,

  • single_vertical_bars.gif Single vertical bars (absolute value, determinant, etc.) Ctrl+T , |

  • double_vertical_bars.gif Double vertical bars (norms)

  • floor_brackets.gif Floor brackets

  • ceiling_brackets.gif Ceiling brackets

  • brackets_denoting-1.gif Brackets denoting a type of interval

  • brackets_denoting-2.gif Brackets denoting a type of interval

  • bra-ket_ket.gif Bra-ket (-ket)

  • bra-ket_bra.gif Bra-ket (bra)

  • brackets_denoting-3.gif Brackets denoting a type of interval

  • brackets_denoting-4.gif Brackets denoting a type of interval

  • brackets_denoting-5.gif Brackets denoting a type of interval

  • open_brackets.gif Open brackets

  • left_parenthesis.gif Left parenthesis

  • right_parenthesis.gif Right parenthesis

  • left_bracket.gif Left bracket Ctrl+T , [

  • right_bracket.gif Right bracket Ctrl+T , ]

  • left_brace.gif Left brace Ctrl+T , {

  • right_brace.gif Right brace Ctrl+T , }

  • left_angle_bracket.gif Left angle bracket Ctrl+T , <

  • right_angle_bracket.gif Right angle bracket Ctrl+T , >

  • left_vertical_bar.gif Left vertical bar

  • right_vertical_bar.gif Right vertical bar

  • left_double_bar.gif Left double bar

  • right_double_bar.gif Right double bar

  • left_open_bracket.gif Left open bracket

  • right_open_bracket.gif Right open bracket

  • bra-ket.gif Bra-ket

  • upper_horizontal_brace.gif Upper horizontal brace

  • lower_horizontal_brace.gif Lower horizontal brace

  • upper_horizontal_bracket.gif Upper horizontal bracket

  • lower_horizontal_bracket.gif Lower horizontal bracket

Fraction and radical templates

2-fractions.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • full-size_fraction.gif Full-size fraction Ctrl+F

  • reduced-size_fraction.gif Reduced-size fraction Ctrl+T , Shift+F

  • full-size_diagonal_fraction.gif Full-size diagonal fraction Ctrl+/

  • reduced-size_diagonal_fraction.gif Reduced-size diagonal fraction Ctrl+T , ?

  • slash_fraction.gif Slash fraction Ctrl+T , Alt+/ ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+/

  • square_root.gif Square root Ctrl+R

  • nth_root.gif nth root Ctrl+T , N

  • long_division.gif Long division Ctrl+T , D

  • long_division_with_quotient.gif Long division with quotient Ctrl+T , Shift+D

Subscript and superscript templates

3-subscripts.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • superscript.gif Superscript Ctrl+H ; Mac: Command+E

  • subscript.gif Subscript Ctrl+L

  • superscript_subscript.gif Superscript and subscript Ctrl+J

  • superscript_to_left.gif Superscript to left of character

  • subscript_to_left.gif Subscript to left of character

  • subscript_and_superscript_to_left.gif Subscript and superscript to left of character

  • overscript.gif Over-script Ctrl+T , Shift+L

  • underscript.gif Under-script (limit) Ctrl+T , Alt+L ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+L

  • overscript_and_underscript.gif Over-script and under-script Ctrl+T , L

  • large_operator_with_superscript.gif Large operator with superscript limit

  • large_operator_with_subscript.gif Large operator with subscript limit

  • large_operator_with_superscript_and_subscript.gif Large operator with superscript and subscript limits

  • large_operator_with_overscript.gif Large operator with over-script limit Ctrl+T , Shift+O

  • large_operator_with_underscript.gif Large operator with under-script limit Ctrl+T , Alt+O ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+O

  • large_operator_with_overscript_and_underscript.gif Large operator with over-script and under-script limits Ctrl+T , O

Summation templates

4-summations.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • summation_with_no_limits.gif Summation with no limits Ctrl+T , Shift+S

  • summation_with_lower_limit.gif Summation with underscript limit Ctrl+T , Alt+S ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+S

  • summation_with_lower_and_upper_limits.gif Summation with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T , S

  • summation_with_subscript_limit.gif Summation with subscript limit

  • summation_with_sub-superscript_limits.gif Summation with subscript and superscript limits

Integral templates

5-integrals.gif

Caution

Note: Integral templates you insert with the shortcuts given here will be "normal-sized" integrals. That is, they will not expand if the contents of the integrand is vertically larger than normal, like it would be if it includes a fraction, for example. To insert an integral symbol that expands with a larger-than-normal integrand, you must press Shift while clicking the integral template of your choice from the Integral templates palette.

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • indefinite_integral.gif Indefinite integral (no limits) Ctrl+Shift+I , !

  • definite_integral_with_over-underscript_limits.gif Definite integral with overscript and underscript limits Ctrl+Shift+I , S

  • definite_integral_with_super-subscript_limits.gif Definite integral with superscript and subscript limits Ctrl+I

  • integral_with_underscript_limit.gif Integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+S

  • integral_with_subscript_limit.gif Integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+1

  • double_integral.gif Double integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I , @

  • double_integral_with_underscript_limit.gif Double integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , 2

  • double_integral_with_subscript_limit.gif Double integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+2

  • triple_integral.gif Triple integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I , #

  • triple_integral_with_underscript_limit.gif Triple integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , 3

  • triple_integral_with_subscript_limit.gif Triple integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+3

  • countour_integral.gif Contour integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I , Shift+C

  • countour_integral_underscript_limit.gif Contour integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , C

  • countour_integral_subscript_limit.gif Contour integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+C

  • area_integral.gif Area integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I , Shift+A

  • area_integral_underscript_limit.gif Area integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , A

  • area_integral_subscript_limit.gif Area integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+A

  • volume_integral.gif Volume integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I , Shift+V

  • volume_integral_underscript_limit.gif Volume integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , V

  • volume_integral_subscript_limit.gif Volume integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+V

  • integral_with_counterclockwise_loop.gif Integral with counter-clockwise loop without limits Ctrl+Shift+I , Shift+Left

  • integral_with_counterclockwise_loop_underscript.gif Integral with counter-clockwise loop with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Left

  • integral_with_counterclockwise_loop_subscript.gif Integral with counter-clockwise loop with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+Left

  • integral_with_clockwise_loop.gif Integral with clockwise loop without limits Ctrl+Shift+I , Shift+Right

  • integral_with_clockwise_loop_underscript.gif Integral with clockwise loop with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Right

  • integral_with_clockwise_loop_subscript.gif Integral with clockwise loop with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I , Alt+Right

Underbar and overbar templates

6-overbars.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • tilde.gif Tilde Ctrl+^ , ~

  • hat.gif Hat Ctrl+^ , 6

  • frown.gif Arc Ctrl+^ , 9

  • joint_status.gif Joint status Ctrl+^ , J

  • overbar.gif Over-bar Ctrl+^ , -

  • double_overbar.gif Double over-bar Ctrl+^ , D

  • underbar.gif Under-bar Ctrl+^ , _

  • double_underbar.gif Double under-bar Ctrl+^ , Shift+D

  • right_arrow_overbar.gif Right arrow over-bar Ctrl+^ , Right

  • left_arrow_overbar.gif Left arrow over-bar Ctrl+^ , Left

  • right_harpoon_overbar.gif Right harpoon over-bar Ctrl+^ , Alt+Right

  • double_arrow_overbar.gif Double-headed arrow over-bar Ctrl+^ , Up

  • right_arrow_underbar.gif Right arrow under-bar Ctrl+^ , Shift+Right

  • left_arrow_underbar.gif Left arrow under-bar Ctrl+^ , Shift+Left

  • right_harpoon_underbar.gif Right harpoon under-bar Ctrl+^ , Alt+Shift+Right

  • double_arrow_underbar.gif Double-headed arrow under-bar Ctrl+^ , Shift+Up

  • midline_strikethrough.gif Mid-line strike-through Ctrl+^ , Alt+-

  • strikethrough.gif Strike-through Ctrl+^ , X

  • strikethrough_bottom-left.gif Strike-through (bottom-left to upper-right) Ctrl+^ , /

  • strikethrough_top-left.gif Strike-through (top-left to bottom-right) Ctrl+^ , \

Labeled arrow templates

7-labeled_arrows.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • right_arrow_with_upper_slot.gif Right arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T , Shift+Right

  • right_arrow_with_lower_slot.gif Right arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T , Alt+Right

  • right_arrow_with_upper-lower_slot.gif Right arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T , Right

  • left_arrow_with_upper_slot.gif Left arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T , Shift+Left

  • left_arrow_with_lower_slot.gif Left arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T , Alt+Left

  • left_arrow_with_upper-lower_slot.gif Left arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T , Left

  • double-headed_arrow_with_upper_slot.gif Double-headed arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T , Shift+Up

  • double-headed_arrow_with_lower_slot.gif Double-headed arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T , Alt+Up

  • double-headed_arrow_with_upper-lower_slot.gif Double-headed arrow arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T , Up

  • double_arrow_with_upper_slot.gif Double arrow with upper text slot

  • double_arrow_with_lower_slot.gif Double arrow with lower text slot

  • double_arrow_with_upper-lower_slot.gif Double arrow with upper and lower text slots

  • large_over_small_with_upper.gif Large over small arrow with upper text slot

  • large_over_small_with_lower.gif Large over small arrow with lower text slot

  • large_over_small_with_upper-lower.gif Large over small arrow with upper and lower text slots

  • small_over_large_with_upper.gif Small over large arrow with upper text slot

  • small_over_large_with_lower.gif Small over large arrow with lower text slot

  • small_over_large_with_upper-lower.gif Small over large arrow with upper and lower text slots

  • harpoons_with_upper_slot.gif Harpoons with upper text slot

  • harpoons_with_lower_slot.gif Harpoons with lower text slot

  • harpoons_with_upper-lower_slot.gif Harpoons with upper and lower text slots

  • large_over_small_harpoon_with_upper.gif Large over small harpoon with upper text slot

  • large_over_small_harpoon_with_lower.gif Large over small harpoon with lower text slot

  • large_over_small_harpoon_with_upper-lower.gif Large over small harpoon with upper and lower text slots

  • small_over_large_with_upper.gif Small over large harpoon with upper text slot

  • small_over_large_with_lower.gif Small over large harpoon with lower text slot

  • small_over_large_with_upper-lower.gif Small over large harpoon with upper and lower text slots

Products and set theory templates

8-products.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • product_no_limits.gif Product with no limits Ctrl+T , Shift+P

  • product_underscript_limit.gif Product with underscript limit Ctrl+T , Alt+P ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+P

  • product_underscript_overscript_limit.gif Product with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T , P

  • product_subscript_limits.gif Product with subscript limit

  • product_sub-superscript_limits.gif Product with subscript and superscript limits

  • coproduct_no_limits.gif Coproduct with no limits Ctrl+T , Shift+C

  • coproduct_underscript_limit.gif Coproduct with underscript limit Ctrl+T , Alt+C ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+C

  • coproduct_underscript_overscript_limit.gif Coproduct with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T , C

  • coproduct_subscript_limits.gif Coproduct with subscript limit

  • coproduct_sub-superscript_limits.gif Coproduct with subscript and superscript limits

  • intersection_no_limits.gif Intersection with no limits Ctrl+T , Shift+I

  • intersection_underscript_limit.gif Intersection with underscript limit Ctrl+T , Alt+I

  • intersection_underscript_overscript_limit.gif Intersection with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T , I

  • intersection_subscript_limits.gif Intersection with subscript limit

  • intersection_sub-superscript_limits.gif Intersection with subscript and superscript limits

  • union_no_limits.gif Union with no limits Ctrl+T , Shift+U

  • union_underscript_limit.gif Union with underscript limit Ctrl+T , Alt+U ; Mac: Command+T , Ctrl+U

  • union_underscript_overscript_limit.gif Union with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T , U

  • union_subscript_limits.gif Union with subscript limit

  • union_sub-superscript_limits.gif Union with subscript and superscript limits

Matrix templates

9-matrices.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • 1-row_2-column.gif 1 row, 2 column matrix

  • 2-row_1-column.gif 2 row, 1 column matrix

  • 2-row_2-column.gif 2 row, 2 column matrix Ctrl+M , 2 (Windows & Mac)

  • 1-row_3-column.gif 1 row, 3 column matrix

  • 3-row_1-column.gif 3 row, 1 column matrix

  • 3-row_3-column.gif 3 row, 3 column matrix Ctrl+M , 3 (Windows & Mac)

  • 1-row_4-column.gif 1 row, 4 column matrix

  • 4-row_1-column.gif 4 row, 1 column matrix

  • 4-row_4-column.gif 4 row, 4 column matrix Ctrl+M , 4 (Windows & Mac)

  • variable-size_row_matrix.gif Variable-size row matrix

  • variable-size_column_matrix.gif Variable-size column matrix

  • variable-size_matrix.gif Variable-size matrix or table Ctrl+M , N (Windows & Mac)

Box templates

10-box_templates.gif

For Mac shortcuts, substitute Command key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as Option .

  • box_top_left.gif Box (top and left sides)

  • box_top_right.gif Box (top and right sides)

  • box_lower_left.gif Box (bottom and left sides)

  • box_lower_right.gif Box (bottom and right sides)

  • box.gif Box Ctrl+Shift+T , X