# Intervals

Students can use intervals in answers and the system will understand them as their equivalent inequality to compare it with the correct answer. Take into account the particular notation explained below to create these intervals in CalcMe.

#### Wiris Quizzes 3 documentation

This documentation page has been updated to the latest Wiris Quizzes version. You can find the same information for the previous versions here.

Consider the following question:

To make formulas like intepreted as intervals, we need to select the corresponding checkbox in Input options > Input syntax.

Finally, as intervals are conceptually equivalent to inequalities but internally (in the Algorithm) they are different data types, we need to use the Equivalent equations validation method if we want then students to answer either intervals or inequations. Alternatively, student answers must be of the same type as the correct answer.

The intervals notation is quite particular. You can create several intervals with the syntax you can see below

Interval CalcMe word Equivalent inequality `interval_open_open(a,b)` `interval_open_close(a,b)` `interval_close_open(a,b)` `interval_close_close(a,b)` `interval_open_open(a,+∞)` `ℝ` `{a}` `{a,b,c}` `{}` false

Furthermore, it is also possible to do operations with intervals.

Operation Example
Union
Intersection
Difference
Complementary

The student answer can have operations, and it will be simplified and compared with the correct answer. If you want to prevent this, set Simplified in Validation options > Simplification, as usual.

If you want to make an algorithm for a question with intervals, you can not use the interval symbols directly; you must use the corresponding CalcMe word for them. See the table above. There are commands that return intervals; for instance `domain_set()`. Other commands return inequations; for instance `domain()`. You can convert the result from inequations to intervals using `expression_to_set()`.

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