# MathType reference

The MathType Desktop command line can consist of a mixture of options and equation files to be opened. If the file name contains special characters (e.g. spaces), enclose it in double-quotation marks. If the file is a MathType preference file, it will be used to set the new equation preferences.

The following are valid command line options (options can be preceded with either - or /):

• -defaults – This will cause MathType Desktop to delete all preferences and then terminate immediately. This will have the effect of restoring all of MathType Desktop's Default Settings. Please use this with caution!
• -new – Normally, if you include files to be opened on the command line, MathType Desktop will not start with an open, untitled, empty equation window. Use this option to force one to be opened. See the New command on the File menu.
• -regserver – This causes MathType Desktop to re-register itself with OLE and then terminate immediately. This can be used to clear up some kinds of OLE problems.
• -unregserver – This causes MathType Desktop to remove its OLE registration and then terminate immediately.
• [file name(s)] – Causes MathType to launch with either…
• …the specified equation file(s) opened in MathType, or
• …preferences (styles, sizes, spacing) as defined in the specified MathType preference file.
Notes:

Two notes with regard to including MathType preference files on the command line.

1. If you specify a preference file, you cannot also specify a file to be opened.
2. The preference file you apply with the command line must be one that you have created, rather than one of the default preference files includes with MathType when it's installed. There are technical reasons for this, and if you need to apply a default preference file, you can either load it in MathType, then save it with a new name (don't simply rename the file in the Preferences folder), or if you write us at support@wiris.com, we can help you configure the default preference files so they'll open with the command line.

Examples: (assumes the current directory in the command line is the MathType installation directory)

• Windows:
• mathtype.exe C:\equations\charles_law.gif "C:\equations\Eqn 23.gif"
MathType will launch with the files charles_law.gif and Eqn 23.gif each opened in its own window, ready for editing or other use. Notice the quotes around the second file because of the space in the file name.
• mathtype.exe "Minion Pro 12.eqp"
MathType will launch with a blank equation editing workspace, and with styles, sizes, and spacing as defined in the Minion Pro 12.eqp preference file applied and ready to use.
• Mac:
• open -a mathtype "/Applications/MathType 6/Preferences/Verdana 32.eqp"
MathType will launch with a blank equation editing workspace, and with styles, sizes, and spacing as defined in the Verdana 32.eqp preference file applied and ready to use.
• open -a mathtype /Users/Elvis/Desktop/Equation1.pdf "/Users/Elvis/Desktop/Laplace 14.eps"
MathType will launch with the files Equation1.pdf and Laplace 14.eps each opened in its own window, ready for editing or other use. Notice the quotes around the second file because of the space in the file name.

When MathType Desktop is installed on Windows, a MathType 7 submenu is added to the Windows Start menu. When MathType Desktop is installed on a Mac, a MathType 7 folder is added to the Applications folder. These locations contain the following items:

• MathType – Runs the MathType Desktop application.
• MathType Server (Windows only) – Runs the MathType Desktop application in server mode. See Server dialog.
• Remove MathType (Windows), or Uninstall MathType (Mac) – Removes the MathType Desktop application and supporting files from your computer. See Removing MathType.
• Equation Conversion Manager (Windows only) – Controls the kinds of equations for which MathType Desktop will be the designated editor. See Equation Conversion Manager.
• MathType Help – Opens this documentation at the intro screen. On a Mac, you can access the documentation from within the product; there isn't a separate entry in the Applications folder.

About MathType – This command displays MathType Desktop's About box showing you:

• The version of the MathType Desktop application you are currently using;
• Your product registration info, including your product key if you have unlocked MathType Desktop.

Preferences – Displays the Preferences submenu. Note: The items on the Preferences submenu are the same as on the Preferences menu on MathType Desktop for Windows. These commands are described below.

Services – This is an element of the Mac OS, rather than an element of MathType. Refer to Mac OS documentation for an explanation of this submenu.

Hide MathType – Hides all MathType Desktop windows. Shortcut key is +H.

Hide Others – Hides the windows of all other running applications. Shortcut key is ++H.

Show All – Restores all hidden windows of all running applications.

Quit MathType – Terminates MathType Desktop. Shortcut key is +Q. If you have made changes to equations in any open MathType Desktop windows, MathType will ask if you want to save those changes for each window that has been modified.

NewCtrl+N/+N Opens a new, empty, equation window so that you can work in it. This window will be untitled until you give it a name when you save it as a file using the Save or Save As commands on this menu. You can also use an untitled window as a scratchpad for equations to be added to the toolbar or copied via the clipboard or drag-and-drop into other equation windows or documents.

Open…Ctrl+O/+O Opens an existing MathType equation file from disk, and displays it in a new window. When you choose the Open command, MathType Desktop displays the standard Open dialog box, which lets you change volumes drives and folders directories until you find the file you need, and then open it either by double-clicking or by clicking Open. If you worked on a MathType file recently, you can open it quickly by choosing its name from the bottom of the File menu.

Close or Close and return to [document name]Ctrl+F4/+W Closes the equation window. If you have made changes to the equation in this window, a dialog box will appear asking you if you want to save these changes. You can also close a window by clicking the Close Box in the upper-right corner of the window.

If the current MathType Desktop window contains an equation that is embedded in a document via OLE, the name of the or document is indicated in the command title. When you choose this command, the contents of the current window are inserted into your document, replacing any previous version of the equation. The 'Save Changes' dialog box will appear unless the "Don't show Save Changes dialog" option has been turned on in the Object Editing Preferences dialog.

SaveCtrl+S/+S Saves the current version of the equation that you're working on. If your equation is untitled, a Save As dialog will appear so that you can choose a name for it. Once an equation has been named and saved on disk, using the Save command again will replace the previous version with the new one. If you want to keep the previous version in addition to the new one, use the Save As command described below.

Update [document]Ctrl+S/+S This command is displayed in place of the Save command when the MathType Desktop window in which you're working contains an equation that's embedded in a document via OLE . When you choose the Update command, the contents of the MathType Desktop window are inserted into your document, replacing any previous version of the equation. It is usually not necessary to choose the Update command to save your equation, because you will be asked if you want to save the equation when you close the window.

Save As… – Preserves the current version of the equation that you're working on by saving it on disk. Use the Save As command, rather than the Save command, when you want to save an untitled equation, or when you want to save an equation under a new name, in a different folder directory , or in a different file format. If you choose the Save As command from a window containing an equation that's embedded in a document via OLE , a copy of the embedded equation will be saved in a file separate from the document, ending the OLE session and leaving the document unchanged.

Save a Copy As… (Mac only/EGO only) – Preserves the current version of the equation that you're working on by saving it on disk. Use the Save a Copy As... command, rather than the Save command, when you want to save an equation under a new name, in a different folder, or in a different file format. If you choose the Save a Copy As... command from a window containing an equation that's embedded in a document via EGO, a copy of the embedded equation will be saved in a file separate from the document.

Page Setup… (Mac only) – Displays the standard Page Setup dialog for setting up the printer, paper size, orientation, etc.

PrintCtrl+P/+P Prints the equations contained in the currently active MathType Desktop window.

Exit (Windows only)Alt+F4 Terminates the MathType Desktop (or MathType Server) application. If you have made changes to equations in any open MathType Desktop windows, you will be asked if you want to save those changes for each window that has been modified.

Most-recently-used files – Up to four MathType equation files that you recently worked on are listed at the bottom of the File menu. You can re-open any of these files just by choosing its name from this menu. This is simply a convenient way to open a file, saving you the step of locating the file on disk. You can explicitly remove a file name from the menu by holding down the Alt key as you choose the file name from the menu. Removing a file name will not have any effect on the file itself.

Undo commandCtrl+Z/+Z Reverses the changes from the last command as shown in the text of the menu item. Every command can be undone, back to the point at which the window was opened. This item will be grayed out and will display Can't Undo when there are no more commands to be undone.

Redo commandCtrl+Y/+Y Re-applies the most recent undo command. Every Undone command can be redone. If there are no commands to be redone, this will display as Can't Redo.

CutCtrl+X/+X Copies the current selection to the clipboard , and deletes it from the equation. The type of data placed on the clipboard is determined by the Cut and Copy Preferences dialog.

CopyCtrl+Ctrl/+Ctrl Copies whatever is currently selected to the clipboard . The type of data placed on the clipboard is determined by the Cut and Copy Preferences dialog.

PasteCtrl+V/+V Inserts the contents of the clipboard into the equation at the insertion point, or replaces whatever is selected with the contents of the clipboard. For this command to be successful, the clipboard must contain a MathType equation, a Microsoft Equation Editor equation, a Microsoft Word "formula field" equation (created using Word's formula typesetting commands), or the translated text generated by one of MathType Desktop's translators, with MathType equation data included.

PasteCtrl+V/+V Inserts the contents of the clipboard into the equation at the insertion point, or replaces whatever is selected with the contents of the clipboard. For this command to be successful, the clipboard must contain a MathType equation, a Microsoft Equation Editor equation, a Microsoft Word "EQ field" equation (created using Word's field typesetting commands), or the translated text generated by one of MathType Desktop's translators, with MathType equation data included.

Clear – Removes whatever is currently selected from the equation. The items removed are not transferred to the clipboard , so this command does not affect the contents of the Clipboard. The effect is the same as if you had pressed the Backspace or Delete key.

Insert Symbol… – Brings up the Insert Symbol dialog, allowing you to insert symbols from any font on your computer, add symbols to the toolbar, or assign keyboard shortcuts to symbols.

Open Math Input Panel… (Windows only) – Ctrl+Shift+M Brings up the Math Input Panel (MIP). Write the equation in the MIP, and when you're finished, click the Insert button. The equation appears in the MathType Desktop editing window at the location of the insertion point. Functions in your list of Functions Recognized are also recognized in the MIP. This command is only available on computers running Windows 7 and later.

Custom Speech Text… (Windows only) – When there is a selection in the MathType Desktop editing area, this command brings up the Custom Speech Text dialog. Allows you to specify exact speech text for MathPlayer to read aloud after publishing a Word document as a MathPage. See dialog description.

Remove Speech Text… (Windows only) – When there is a selection in the MathType Desktop editing area, this command brings up the Custom Speech Text dialog. Allows you to remove custom speech text that had been previously applied with the Custom Speech Text dialog. See dialog description.

Select AllCtrl+Alt/+Alt Selects the entire equation, even if the equation is too large to fit into the window. This command is useful for subsequently copying the equation to the clipboard for transfer to a word processing document, or before using the Backspace or Delete keys to delete the entire contents of the equation window.

Start Dictation (Mac only) – Although this appears on the MathType Desktop Edit menu, it is not a MathType command; it is a macOS command. It will most likely appear to be enabled (i.e., it is not grayed-out), but the features of this command are currently disabled in MathType.

Zoom – This item displays the Zoom Submenu which allows you to change the viewing scale.

• 100% Ctrl+1
• 200% Ctrl+2
• 400% Ctrl+4
• 800% Ctrl+8
• Other…
• These commands change the scale at which you are viewing the equation. The percentages are relative to the size of the equation when inserted into a document or printed. Working at 400% or 800% is handy for making fine adjustments using Nudging.
• Use the Other… command to bring up the Zoom dialog to select a viewing scale other than 100, 200, 400, or 800%.

Show AllCtrl+Shift+Y/+Shift+Y This command toggles the display of certain special symbols in MathType equations. These symbols include tab characters, explicitly entered spaces, and alignment marks. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that these special symbols are currently displayed. The special symbols will not be printed or appear in equations that you have inserted into documents.

Show NestingCtrl+Shift+N/+Shift+N This command toggles the equation display between normal viewing mode and nesting mode, where the background of each equation slot is displayed in gray and has a recessed "3-D" look. This mode is useful in that it allows you to more easily see the hierarchical structure of your equations. The gray slot backgrounds will not be printed or appear in equations that you have inserted into documents.

Symbol PalettesCtrl+Alt+K/++K This command toggles the display of the Symbol Palettes row of the toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the Symbol Palettes are currently displayed. See Toolbars for information on using the Symbol Palettes.

Template PalettesCtrl+Alt+T/++T This command toggles the display of the Template Palettes row of the toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the Template Palettes are currently displayed. See Toolbars for information on using the Template Palettes.

Small BarCtrl+Alt+F/++F This command toggles the display of the Small Bar row of the toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the Small Bar is currently displayed. See Toolbars for information on using the Small Bar.

Large Tabbed BarCtrl+Alt+L/++L This command toggles the display of the Large Tabbed Bar row of the toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the Large Tabbed Bar is currently displayed. See Toolbars for information on using the Large Tabbed Bar.

Small Tabbed BarCtrl+Alt+Shift/++Shift This command toggles the display of the Small Tabbed Bar tow of the toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the Small Tabbed Bar is currently displayed. See Toolbars for information on using the Small Tabbed Bar.

ToolbarCtrl+Alt+B/++B This command toggles the display of the entire toolbar. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that toolbar is currently displayed. See Toolbars for more information.

RulerCtrl+Alt+R/++R This command toggles the display of the ruler. A checkmark next to this menu item indicates that the ruler is currently displayed.

View in Wolfram AlphaWolfram|Alpha is a website that performs calculations and conversions of all types. If you are connected to the internet and want to evaluate an equation in Wolfram|Alpha, select it, then choose the View in Wolfram Alpha command. The equation will open on the Wolfram|Alpha website.

(Open Windows) – Windows version only; for Mac version, this command is on the Window menu. The titles of all open equation windows are listed at the bottom of the View menu. You can bring any of these windows to the front just by choosing its name from this menu or clicking on its name in the Windows Task Bar.

Align Left Ctrl+Shift+L/+Shift+L
Align Center Ctrl+Shift+J/+Shift+J
Align Right Ctrl+Shift+R/+Shift+R
Align at = < >…
Align at .

Moves lines in a pile horizontally so that the desired alignment is achieved. Align at = < >… actually will align at any relational symbol.

Align at Top. Positions the pile or matrix containing the insertion point so that its top line aligns with the line containing it.

• Example:

Align at Center. Positions the pile or matrix containing the insertion point or selection so that its middle line (or its vertical center if it contains an even number of lines) aligns with the line containing it.

• Examples:

Align at Bottom. Positions the pile or matrix containing the insertion point or selection so that its bottom line aligns with the line containing it.

• Example:

#### Color

Displays the Color Submenu, which allows you to change the current color or to define new colors.

• Color submenu. The commands on this submenu of the Format menu allow you to color all or part of your equation. Right after installing MathType Desktop, this menu will contain the basic colors of Black, Red, Green, Blue, Cyan, Magenta, and Yellow. You can add your own colors to this menu using the Edit Color Menu dialog. MathType will also add any colors that are being used in the currently open equation window. Use the Other Color dialog to use a new color without adding it permanently to the menu.
• (Color items). The colors shown here consist of:
• Basic colors (e.g., Black, Red, etc.)
• Additional colors used in open equation windows
• The default equation color, if it is not one of the above
• A bullet next to the color indicates the current color (used for characters you are about to enter) or the color of the current selection (if it is all one color). This color is also shown in the Color area of the Status Bar. Choosing a color from the menu sets the color of the current selection and for subsequently-entered items.
• Other… This command displays the Other Color dialog allowing you to choose a color without adding it permanently to the menu. You can also invoke this command by double-clicking the Color area of the Status Bar.
• Edit Color Menu… This command displays the Edit Color Menu dialog allowing you to add or remove menu colors, name colors, and define advanced color properties for use with professional publishing applications like QuarkXPress and Adobe InDesign.

Line Spacing… Displays the Line Spacing dialog allowing you to specify the distance between lines in a pile.

Note:
Specifying line spacing with this command will affect the current line only. To change line spacing for the current pile, adjust the Line Spacing setting in the Define Spacing dialog.

Matrix. Displays the Matrix Submenu allowing you to modify a matrix. To make this command available, either select a matrix or place the insertion point in one of its elements.

• Matrix submenu. The commands on this submenu of the Format menu allow you to modify an existing matrix. Note that both Mac and Windows shortcuts for the Matrix submenu use the Ctrl key.
• Add Row Above. Ctrl+M,Alt Inserts a row above the row containing the insertion point or selection.
• Add Row Below. Ctrl+M,B Inserts a row below the row containing the insertion point or selection.
• Add Column to Left. Ctrl+M,L Inserts a column to the left of the column containing the insertion point or selection.
• Add Column to Right. Ctrl+M,R Inserts a column to the right of the column containing the insertion point or selection.
• Delete Row. Ctrl+M,D Deletes the row containing the insertion point or selection.
• Delete Column. Ctrl+M,Shift+D Deletes the column containing the insertion point or selection.
• Change Matrix… Brings up the Matrix dialog allowing you to modify the matrix.

Fence Alignment… Brings up the Fence Alignment dialog, allowing you to modify how a fence template aligns vertically with the line that contains it. To affect a specific fence template, either select a fence template or place the insertion point inside of a fence template.

Inline Equation. This command toggles the "inline" property of the equation. When this item is checked, it means the equation is to be placed in a line of text. If it is not checked, the equation is to have its own paragraph in the document (called a "display" equation). Currently, this has no affect on an equation placed in a document as an OLE graphic object, but may affect how the equation is translated (e.g. to TeX), depending on the particular translator used.

Reset Nudge. This command removes any nudging that may have been applied to the current selection.

Define Spacing… Brings up the Define Spacing dialog, allowing you to set various equation dimensions (e.g. fraction bar thickness) for the entire equation or for new equations.

The commands on this menu assign a style to the selected part of the equation or subsequently typed characters. The current style or the style of the selection (if it is all of one style) is shown in the status bar.

Math. Ctrl++/++ – The Math style is the default style for typing mathematics. When the current style is Math, MathType Desktop assigns the Variable, Function, Number, or Symbol style automatically based on what you type. If MathType recognizes a sequence of alphabetic characters as a standard abbreviation for a mathematical function (e.g. sin for the sine trigonometric function), it will use the Function style. All other alphabetic characters are assigned the Variable style.

Text. Ctrl+Shift+E/+Shift+E – Use the Text style when you want to type a sentence or phrase in English (or other natural language) instead of in math. When in Text style, the spacebar will be enabled to allow you to enter spaces between words.

Function. Ctrl+Shift+F/+Shift+F – Use this command to create a function that was not automatically given the Function style. (See also the Functions Recognized dialog.)

Variable. Ctrl+Shift+V/+Shift+V – Use this command to assign the Variable style to characters that would otherwise be given a different style. For example, sin is a function name that MathType Desktop will automatically assign the Function style. You would use this command if you actually wanted to enter three adjacent variables, "s", "i", and "n".

Greek-Symbol. Ctrl+Shift+G/+Shift+G – This command allows you to use the keyboard to type Greek letters. Once this style is active, the letters you type will be given either the L.C. Greek or U.C. Greek style, depending on whether you type a lower-case (small) or upper-case (capital) letter.

Often it is easier to enter a single Greek letter by using the Ctrl+G One-shot keyboard shortcut or by using the Greek symbol palette. This avoids having to switch into Greek style and back again, because the one-shot only affects the very next keystroke.

Vector-Matrix. Ctrl+Shift+B/+Shift+B – Mathematical vectors and matrices are sometimes given a bold character style. Use this command to assign the Vector-Matrix style to selected text or subsequently typed characters.

Often it is easier to enter a matrix or vector by using the Ctrl+B One-shot keyboard shortcut. This avoids having to switch into Vector-Matrix style and back again.

User 1. Ctrl+Shift+U/+Shift+U and User 2. Ctrl+Alt+Shift+U/++Shift+U – The User 1 and User 2 styles may be used any way you like. Use the Define Styles dialog to assign a font and character style to each. These styles are used most often to enter characters from alternate alphabets, such as Blackboard Bold (double-stroked) or Fraktur (Old German).

Other… – This command brings up the Other Style dialog, allowing you to assign a specific font and character style to selected text or subsequently typed characters.

Define… – This command brings up the Define Styles dialog, allowing you to change the font and character style assigned to each style for the entire equation or for new equations. You can also invoke this command by double-clicking the Style area of the status bar.

The commands on this menu assign a type size or an explicit point size to the current selection or subsequently typed characters. The current size or the size of the selection (if it is all of one size) is shown in the Status Bar.

Full. – Assigns the Full type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

Subscript. – Assigns the Subscript type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

Sub-subscript. – Assigns the Sub-subscript type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

Symbol. – Assigns the Symbol type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

Sub-symbol. – Assigns the Sub-symbol type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

User 1. – Assigns the User 1 type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

User 2. – Assigns the User 2 type size either to selected characters or to characters that you type subsequently.

Other… – Brings up the Other Size dialog in which you can enter a specific font size in points.

Smaller. Ctrl+Shift+</+Shift+< – Decreases the size of selected characters by 1 point (this increment can be changed in the Define Sizes dialog).

Larger. Ctrl+Shift+>/+Shift+> – Increases the size of selected characters by 1 point (this increment can be changed in the Define Sizes dialog).

Reset Smaller/Larger. – Resets the size of selected characters to their original size. Undoes the effect of using the Smaller or Larger commands.

Define… – This command brings up the Define Sizes dialog, allowing you to change the specific point size assigned to each type size for the entire equation or for new equations. You can also invoke this command by double-clicking on the Size area of the Status Bar.

The commands on this menu allow you to change MathType Desktop's preferences. These are settings which affect how MathType Desktop works for all equations.

Cut and Copy Preferences… – This command displays the Cut and Copy Preferences dialog, allowing you to translate equations into other mathematical languages.

Web and GIF Preferences… – This command displays the Web and GIF Preferences dialog, allowing you to change settings that affect GIF equation files you create and to define an HTML text fragment that will be copied to the clipboard every time you save a GIF file.

Functions Recognized… – This command displays the Functions Recognized dialog, allowing you to add or remove functions (e.g., sin, cos) that MathType Desktop automatically recognizes as you type.

Workspace Preferences… – This command displays the Workspace Preferences dialog, allowing you to change settings that affect MathType Desktop's working environment.

Customize Keyboard… – This command displays the Customize Keyboard dialog, allowing you to add, modify, and delete your keyboard shortcuts.

Object Editing Preferences… – This command displays the Object Editing Preferences dialog, allowing you to modify settings that control how MathType Desktop works with other OLE-compatible applications (e.g., Microsoft Word and other word processors).

Equation Preferences. – Displays the Equation Preferences Submenu to allow you to load and save equation preferences.

This submenu contains commands for saving and loading equation preference files containing size, style, and spacing settings.

• Load from Default Settings… This command sets the equation preferences of the current equation to the default settings. It does not affect the New Equation Preferences.
• Load from Preferences for New Equations. This command sets the equation preferences of the current equation to new equation preferences .
• Load from File… This command displays the Load Equation Preferences dialog allowing you to load the equation preferences (sizes, styles, and spacing) from a file you saved previously using the Save to File command on this menu.
• Save to Preferences for New Equations. This command sets the new equation preferences to the equation preferences of the current equation.
• Save to File… This command displays the Save Equation Preferences dialog allowing you to save the equation preferences (sizes, styles, and spacing) of the current equation into a file. You can load an equation preferences file later using the Load from File command on this menu.

(Most-recently-used preference files). – Up to four MathType equation preference files that you recently used are listed at the bottom of the Preferences menu/submenu. By choosing its name from the list, the equation preferences contained in the file will be used both for the current equation and for new equations. This is a convenient way to load equation preferences from a file you saved using the Save Equation Preferences dialog, without having to locate the file on disk. See New Equation Preferences.

• If you hold down the Shift key while choosing a file, only the current equation's preferences will be affected. The defaults for new equations will not be changed. This is equivalent to unchecking the Use for new equations option in the Load Equation Preferences dialog.
• You can explicitly remove a file name from the menu by holding down Alt or Alt/Option as you choose the file name from the menu. Removing a file name will not have any effect on the file itself.
• If you hold down Shift while choosing a file, only the current equation's preferences will be affected. The defaults for new equations will not be changed. This is equivalent to unchecking the Use for new equations option in the Load Equation Preferences dialog.
• You can explicitly remove a file name from the menu by holding down Alt/ as you choose the file name from the menu. Removing a file name will not have any effect on the file itself.

Minimize. +M Minimizes the current equation window. This command has the same effect as clicking the yellow circle in the upper-left corner of the MathType Desktop window.

Zoom. Maximizes the current equation window. This command has somewhat the same (not exactly the same) effect as clicking the green circle in the upper-left corner of the MathType Desktop window.

Bring All to Front. Arranges all non-minimized MathType Desktop windows so they're in front of all other open applications on the Mac desktop.

(Open Windows). The titles of all open equation windows are listed at the bottom of the Window menu. You can bring any of these windows to the front by choosing its name from this menu.

Tutorials (Windows), MathType Tutorials (Mac). Opens the Introductory tutorials in the MathType documentation.

• MathType on the Web submenu
• Online Support… Opens the tech support area of the MathType website, where we have many tips and tech support notices that will give you help solving problems and information on compatibility with other applications.
• Send Feedback by Email… Opens your default email program so you can send feedback to Wiris regarding your experiences with MathType or to request future enhancements. If you have a problem using MathType or a bug to report, please visit our online tech support area first.
• Order MathType Opens the e-commerce area of the Wiris web site where you can purchase MathType (or any of our other products).
• Future MathType. Opens a page on our website that will allow you to give us your ideas for future enhancements of MathType.
• Check for Latest Version Now… Access MathType version information via the Internet.
• Show Tips. Leave this checked if you'd like, during version checks, to occasionally be informed about other Wiris product releases or product tips.

Unlock/Register MathType This command opens a dialog that allows you to enter your product key to unlock MathType as well as register your product so you can receive free technical support, upgrade notices and special upgrade pricing.

About MathType (Windows only). This command displays MathType Desktop's About box showing you:

• The version of the MathType Desktop application you are currently using;
• Your product registration info, including your partial product key if you have unlocked MathType Desktop.

This section is organized to present the dialogs in the order in which they appear in MathType's menus and toolbars, left-to-right, top-to-bottom, beginning with the File menu.

In this section:

#### Open dialog

Use this dialog to open an equation file for editing. MathType can edit any equation it creates, so choose from EPS, GIF, PDF (Mac only), PICT (Mac only), WMF (Windows only), "Equation files of any type" (Windows only), or "All files". Choosing "All files" is only for convenience and help in finding the file you need. It doesn't literally mean MathType is able to open any file on your computer.

#### Save As dialog

Use this dialog to save an equation as an individual file. Although you will most likely save equations in word processing documents using OLE or EGO, saving an equation as a file is useful for exchanging equations with other people, moving equations to other computers, saving as EPS for use in desktop publishing applications, or saving them as GIF for use in Internet publishing.

File Formats

MathType Desktop can save equations in several file formats. Use the Save as type pull-down menu to choose a format. No matter which format you choose, you can always open the equation file for later editing or use.

• Adobe PDF (Mac only). PDF is an open standard document format that is the native metafile format for Mac OS X. Since OS X 10.4, most applications have been using PDF instead of PICT as their preferred image format. Use this file format when not working with Microsoft Office or Apple Pages (et.al.), unless your application requires one of the other file formats.
• Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)
• Encapsulated PostScript/none
• Encapsulated PostScript/WMF (Windows only)
• Encapsulated PostScript/TIFF (Windows only)
• Encapsulated PostScript/PICT (Mac only)

EPS is a file format used for graphics in desktop publishing applications like Adobe InDesign and QuarkXPress. MathType Desktop can save equations in several kinds of EPS file, each defined by the type of preview image saved in the file. Within a desktop publishing application, the preview image is used to display the equation on screen, whereas the PostScript code itself is used only when printing. The WMF preview image (Windows only) is a Windows Metafile, a standard graphics format generally used only on computers with Microsoft Windows. The TIFF preview image (Windows only) is a cross-platform bitmap format. Use the none option if no preview image is desired. In this case, the EPS file will be a simple ASCII text file. The PICT preview image (Mac only) is a Mac PICT, a standard graphics format generally used only on Mac computers.

• Windows Metafile (WMF). This is the standard graphics file format for the Windows operating system. Although the WMF format can accommodate bitmap images, the metafiles created by MathType Desktop are "draw"-style graphics and, therefore, are scalable and will print at full resolution. Use this format to import equations into drawing applications.
• Mac PICT. Until Mac OS X 10.4, this was the standard graphics file format for the Mac operating system. Although the PICT format can accommodate bitmap images, the metafiles created by MathType Desktop are "draw"-style graphics and, therefore, are scalable and will print at full resolution. Use this format to import equations into drawing applications.
• Graphics Interchange Format (GIF). GIF is a graphics file format generally used for line art (as opposed to JPEG which is best for photographs) in Internet publishing applications. It first became popular as the graphics format used in the CompuServe online system. Save equations in this format for the creation of web pages. Use the Web and GIF Preferences dialog to choose the resolution, transparency, and background color you want your GIF equations to have.

Automatic File Numbering

If you intend to create many equation files for import into another application (e.g. EPS files for import into a desktop publishing document or GIF files for a World Wide Web document), it can be handy to give them numbered file names, like "eqn003.eps". MathType Desktop can help you do this by automatically filling in the File name box in the Save As dialog with a name that follows a pattern you supply.

To enable this feature, check the Automatic file numbering option. MathType Desktop will then automatically generate a new file name using the pattern in the File name pattern box and the number in the Next number box. For example, if you enter a pattern of "eqn#" and a next number of 8, the next 3 equations you save will have names of "eqn8", "eqn9", and "eqn10".

Use several consecutive #s to indicate make the number part of the name have a particular width. In the above example, if you had entered a pattern of "eqn####", the file names would have been "eqn0008", "eqn0009", and "eqn0010". This will make them sort in a more natural order in sorted lists.

You may change the File name pattern or the Next number boxes at any time; for example, to indicate that the equations belong to a different chapter of your book, or to start the sequence at a new number.

#### Page Setup dialog (Mac only)

This File menu command opens your operating system's Page Setup dialog. There is not a separate Page Setup dialog for MathType.

#### Print

This File menu command opens your operating system's Print dialog. There is not a separate Print dialog for MathType.

#### Insert Symbol dialog

This is one of MathType Desktop's most powerful dialogs. Some of the tasks you can perform are:

• Insert a specific character or mathematical symbol into your equation
• Add a frequently used symbol to the toolbar
• Add a keyboard shortcut for a frequently used symbol
• Find a symbol by matching words in its description

Dialog overview

The Insert Symbol dialog is divided into 3 vertical sections by 2 horizontal dividing lines:

• Top section: The View by part is used to define what is displayed in the symbol grid.
• Middle section: The Symbol grid shows 128 characters at a time.
• Bottom section: The Shortcut section allows you to add or review keyboard shortcuts associated with symbols.

View by

This section consists of the View by menu and the items to the right of it (those above the line running under the menu). The items in this section control which characters are displayed in the Symbol grid. Here are the View by choices and how they work:

• Font. Choose this option if you want to insert characters from a font whose name you already know, or if you want to browse through the available fonts. Once you have chosen this option, the font menu and Bold and Italic checkboxes will be available to let you choose the font and character style to view and insert.
• Style. Choose this option to view the characters of the font currently assigned to a particular style.
• Description. Choose this option to view characters from all fonts that have a certain word or phrase in their description. Once you have chosen this option, the New search button will be available to let you enter new description-matching criteria (see the Insert Symbol Search dialog). The Bold and Italic checkboxes will also be available to let you choose the character style to view and insert.

The current description-matching criteria will be displayed in the Description contains item.

Symbol grid

This section consists of 128 character cells that show the characters selected using the View by options. If Font or Style was chosen in the View by menu, the Range listbox and the Show all ranges checkbox will be visible. If Description was chosen in the View by menu, the Description contains text item and the Show one of each checkbox will be visible instead.

• Range. This menu allows you to select which character range you want to see displayed in the grid:
• All known characters: Shows all of the characters that MathType believes are in the selected font (this is limited to MathType's knowledge of fonts and will not be available if it has no knowledge of the current font).
• Entire font: Shows every character position in the font (will not be available for fonts with large numbers of characters).
• Other ranges: Shows the characters in the given Unicode range.
• Show all ranges. Check this box to force the Range listbox to show all Unicode ranges, not just those that contain characters in the current font.
• Font. This item shows the font of the currently selected character in the symbol grid.
• Description. This item shows the description of the currently selected character in the symbol grid.
• Encoding. This item shows the font encoding of the currently selected character in the symbol grid.
• Unicode. This item shows the Unicode value of the currently selected character in the symbol grid.
• Font position. This item shows the index within the font of the currently selected character in the symbol grid.
• Keystroke. This item shows the keystroke, if any, that may be used to type the currently selected character in the symbol grid. This keystroke will only be valid (i.e. will insert the character) when the font is the current font (or style, where the font in question is assigned to the style).
• Enter new shortcut key(s). When the insertion point (cursor) is in the box, you may press a keystroke combination you wish to assign to the selected character. For modifier keys -- Shift, , etc. -- don't type out the spelling of the word into the box. Press the key and MathType will enter the name of the key into the box. Shortcut keys may consist of one or two key combinations. For example, Ctrl+F is considered one key combination, while Ctrl+G,Shift+Alt is considered two key combinations. In MathType's shortcut notation, we'll separate the two key combinations with a comma:

• Assigned to. If you choose a keystroke combination that is already being used for another symbol or template in MathType, this section will appear to let you know of that character combination's existing assignment. This is informational only. You may still use that character combination if you want, overriding the original character assignment.

• Current keys. This section shows the keyboard shortcut, if any, associated with the currently highlighted character in the symbol grid.

• Description contains. This item shows the current description-matching criteria entered in the Insert Symbol Search dialog.
• Show one of each. Check this box to limit the symbol grid to show only one character (from the first font that contains it) for each description matched by the search criteria. If this box is not checked, all versions of each character whose description matches the search criteria will be shown. As each character may be present in many fonts, this might cause too many characters to be shown in the grid, making it difficult to find the character you want.

#### Insert Symbol Search dialog

This dialog is used to set the character description search criteria for the Insert Symbol dialog. You can enter a text string that must match a character's description in order to appear in the symbol grid.

The match string

This text string can contain:

• A single word that must be present in the description,
• A phrase that must be present,
• A combination of words and phrases, separated by spaces, all of which must be present, or
• A word or phrase preceded by a dash (-) to indicate that it must NOT be present in a description for it to be considered a match.

Examples:

For simplicity, lets assume the character descriptions that we are trying to match are the following (instead of the thousands MathType Desktop actually contains):

1. Latin small letter m
2. Latin small letter n
3. Upwards arrow from bar
4. Rightwards arrow from bar
5. Bar operator
6. Black small square
7. Up harpoon (barb right)
8. Latin letter small capital A
If the search text is: Matches from above list:
small 1, 2, 6, 8: they all contain "small"
small letter 1, 2, 8: they all contain "small" and "letter"
"small letter" 1, 2: doesn't match 8 as the words aren't in order
bar 3, 4, 5, 7: matches 7 because of "bar" in "barb"
right 4, 7: they both contain "right"
right –wards 7: doesn't match 4 because of "wards" in "rightwards"

Notes

• All matching is case-insensitive ("a" matches "a" or "A").
• Matching is not by whole word ("right" matches "right", "bright", and "rightwards").
• All words and phrases (unless preceded by '-') in the search text must be present for a description to be a match.

#### Custom Speech Text dialog (Windows only)

One method of preparing documents that can be read aloud with assistive technology (AT) is with the Publish to MathPage command in Word, and using MathML for the equations. Generally the default speech spoken by MathPlayer is appropriate, but there may be situations where you need it to speak text that's slightly different from the default. MathType Desktop provides a means for you to specify the text to speak.

Note:
MathType Desktop's "custom speech text" feature requires MathPlayer 3.0 or later for the document to be read properly. MathPlayer is a free download .
• To specify custom text, select the equation or equation fragment in MathType Desktop. In the Edit menu, choose the Custom Speech Text command to launch the Custom Speech Text dialog.
• In the Custom speech text window, type the text you'd like MathPlayer to speak, using only alphanumeric characters, periods, and commas.
• To edit custom speech text that had been previously applied to an expression, follow the same procedure as above, replacing the old text with new.
• To remove custom speech text, select the section of the equation to which custom speech text is applied, and choose the Remove Speech Text command from the Edit menu. If you no longer want custom speech text for any part c the equation, you may select the entire equation and apply the command.
Note:
The Custom Speech Text and Remove Speech Text commands are also on the contextual (right-click) menu. They perform the same function as the commands on the Edit menu, so use whichever set of commands is more convenient for you.

Example:

MathPlayer 4.0's standard text for the first fraction will be fraction 60 miles over hour end fraction. You'd like for MathPlayer to speak this text: 60 miles per hour. Select the first fraction in your equation, open the Custom Speech Text dialog, and type that text into the dialog. Click OK. In fact, you might want to also configure the dot to be spoken as "times" instead of "dot", and the other fractions to be spoken similarly to the first one.

#### Zoom dialog

Open the Zoom dialog from the Other command of the Zoom flyout in the View menu. This dialog allows you to change the scale at which you see equations in MathType Desktop. Increase the zoom scale to make it easier to see fine details of your equations. Reduce it to see more of your equations on screen. The zoom scale will not affect the size of equations in word processing documents or when they are printed.

Magnification

Select one of the preset magnification levels of 800%, 400%, 200%, or 100%, or select Custom to enter a different zoom level between 25% and 800% (e.g., 150%).

#### Define Spacing dialog

This dialog is used to view and/or modify the spacing dimensions for the entire equation or for new equations. Click in one of the spacing values to view a descriptive picture to the right that gives you an idea of where the particular dimension will be used in your equations.

Most spacing dimensions are distances. These distances can be entered in specific distance units or as a percentage of the Full typesize. The latter allows the spacing to change in proportion to the size you assign to Full in the Define Sizes dialog.

A few spacing values are percentages of some normal value, rather than distances. These are indicated in the spacing value description as (% of normal) and can only be entered as percentages. For example, the operator spacing setting is such a value. MathType determines the spacing between operators and the variables to which they are applied according to the rules of mathematical typesetting but, if you desire, you can reduce this spacing by entering a percentage of less than 100%. Similarly, you can add more spacing by entering a percentage of greater than 100%.

Use for new equations

If this option is checked, the spacing dimensions will be changed both for the current equation and for new equations you create from that point on (see New Equation Preferences). If you uncheck this option, the spacing dimensions will affect only the current equation.

Default Settings

Click this button to restore the spacing dimensions in this dialog to the default settings.

#### Edit/New Color dialog

The Edit Color dialog has the same appearance and options as the New Color dialog, the difference being whether you are editing an existing color or adding a new one to the color menu. This dialog allows you to change the color attributes of the color selected in the Edit Color Menu dialog, or add a new color. Many of these attributes are only important if you plan to save your equations as EPS files for importing into publishing applications like QuarkXPress or Adobe InDesign. We'll refer to such applications here as publishing apps and the documents they create as publishing docs. For more detailed explanations of color printing, please refer to your publishing app's documentation.

Name

The name of a color will be shown in the color menu. It is also important in the creation of color EPS files.

It is important to use the same color names in MathType as you used in your publishing docs. This way, like-named colors will be printed on the same color separation.

Printing separation

The two methods of color printing are Process and Spot:

Process color uses four ink colors: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (also called CMYK). Other colors are printed using small dots of these colors in varying amounts.

Spot color uses ink of the specific color created by mixing inks of other colors.

Model

Colors can be specified using either the RGB model or the CMYK model:

RGB allows you to specify colors in terms of amounts of red, blue, and green. This is what you will normally use if you are coloring equations for use in presentations and simple printing.

CMYK allows you to specify colors in terms of amounts of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. This color model is more appropriate for use in publishing docs, especially when printing using process colors.

Color values

Red Green Blue
Cyan Magenta Yellow Black

Depending on whether you choose the RGB or CMYK color model, you can specify a color using 3 or 4 values, respectively. Each value is a percentage of the indicated color's intensity with 0% meaning to use none of the color and 100% meaning full intensity. You may enter numbers in 1/10ths of a percent if you wish. If you'd rather enter RGB values from 0 to 255, you may do this by clicking Color picker, then Define Custom Colors. On that dialog, you may define colors using HSL values or RGB values.

If you are importing equations as EPS files into a publishing app, the color name is more important than the actual color values you use in MathType Desktop, since the definition of the like-named color in the publishing document will take precedence. All you need to do in MathType is choose a color that is visually close to the color used in the publishing doc.

Color picker

Click this button to display the standard Windows or Mac Color picker dialog. See the Other Color dialog for details.

This dialog allows you to:

• Name colors
• Define the default equation color that will be used for new equations
• Define advanced color properties for compatibility with publishing applications like QuarkXPress and Adobe InDesign

This list of colors consists of those colors that are always displayed in the color menu. The checked color is the current default equation color. The default equation color is the initial color used for all new equations you create. Changing the default color will not affect the current equation nor any other equations you have already created.

Other colors/Other colors in use

This list of colors consists of any other colors used in the equation in windows you currently have open.

Up/Down or Move Up/Move Down

Click these buttons to move the currently selected menu color up or down in the list, allowing you to put more frequently used colors near the top of the menu for easier access.

Set as default…

Click this button to choose the selected color as the default for new equations. Whenever you create a new equation, any characters you type will be given this color until you change the current color. Setting a new color as default does not affect the current equation.

New…

Click this button to add a new color to the menu. The Edit/New Color dialog will be displayed to allow you to define the new color. The new color will initially be a copy of the selected color.

Edit…

Click this button to display the Edit Color dialog, allowing you to edit the selected color.

Default Settings

Click this button to set the Color menu back its original, newly-installed state.

#### Other Color dialog

You can open this dialog (actually labeled Color on Windows, shown above, and Colors on Mac, shown below) one of several ways:

• From the Format menu > Color > Other
• From the Edit Color dialog > Color picker...
• From the New Color dialog > Color picker...
• From Web and GIF Preferences > Bitmap background > Change

Like the Print dialog described above, this is not a dialog unique to MathType. This is the same Color dialog you would open if you are choosing a text color, for example, in Microsoft Word.

#### Fence Alignment dialog

Use this dialog to control the vertical alignment of a fence template (brackets, braces, parentheses, etc.) with the rest of the line in which it resides. This dialog also allows you to set the default alignment for new fence templates. The template affected is the currently selected fence template or the one containing the insertion point.

Alignment options

Although the pictures above the three choices are intended to show how each affects alignment, the easiest way to see the effect of this control is to try it.

Here is a more technical description of the 3 choices:

 The math axis of the contents is aligned with the math axis of the rest of the line, the fence characters are vertically centered with respect to the math axis and are sized to cover the contents. The math axis of the contents is aligned with the math axis of the rest of the line, the fence characters are sized to cover the contents. The fence characters are sized to cover the contents, then the template is vertically centered with respect to the math axis of the rest of the line.

Default for new templates

These buttons allow you to select the default alignment for new fence templates you insert in your equation from now on. You can have a different default for the group of fence templates that have "pointy" characters from those that do not. This is because pointy fences need to be aligned with the math axis to look good but this is not as important for the others.

#### Line Spacing dialog

This dialog is used to change the line spacing of the line or lines in the current selection, or the line containing the insertion point. Line spacing is measured from the baseline of the line whose spacing is being changed to the baseline of the line below it.

You may choose from among this list of units for line spacing:

• in (inches)
• cm (centimeters
• pt (points)
• pi (picas)
• % (of Full size)

Please note that changing line spacing in this dialog does not affect the line spacing used throughout the equation or for new equations. This can be changed in the Define Spacing dialog.

Default Settings (some versions say "Factory Settings")

Click this button to restore the line spacing to the default settings of 150%.

#### Matrix dialog

This dialog is used to define or modify the attributes of a matrix template. To create a new matrix, use a matrix template. To modify an existing matrix, select it or place the insertion point anywhere in it and choose Matrix from the Format menu. There are other options in the Matrix sub-menu of the Format menu. The Matrix dialog will appear when you choose Change Matrix.

Matrix size

• # of Columns. Enter the number of columns desired for the matrix. Note that when editing an existing matrix, by reducing the number of columns, the contents of the deleted columns will be lost.
• # of Rows. Enter the number of rows desired for the matrix. Note that when editing an existing matrix, by reducing the number of rows, the contents of the deleted rows will be lost.

Equal column widths

Check this option to force all the columns of the matrix to have the same width.

Column alignment

Choose either Left, Center, Right, At = (relational symbol), or At . (decimal point) to align all the matrix elements in all columns. In the current version of MathType Desktop, it is not possible to apply alignment to a single column.

Equal row heights

Check this option to force all the rows of the matrix to have the same height.

Row alignment

Choose either Top, Baseline, or Bottom to align all the matrix elements in all rows. In the current version of MathType Desktop, it is not possible to apply alignment to a single row.

Partition lines

The preview image of the matrix allows you to add partition lines between the rows and columns of the matrix, as well as around the edges. Click between the elements to change the style of the line between the elements. Each click selects a different line style, rotating through solid, dashed, dotted, and none (no line at all). Compare:

Clear all lines

Click to remove all partition lines.

#### Define Styles dialog

This dialog allows you to change the font and character style assigned to each style for the entire equation or for new equations.

This dialog has two panes, Simple and Advanced, that let you modify the styles in two different ways.

Simple

The settings on this pane allow you to quickly change the most common options. Choosing a Primary font assigns this font to the Text, Function, Variable, Vector-Matrix and Number styles. The Vector-Matrix style is set to bold and non-italic, while the other styles are all set to non-bold and non-italic, except for Italic variables which is controlled by its own checkbox. Choosing a Greek and math fonts option sets the L.C. Greek, U.C. Greek, Symbol and Extra Math styles to the given font set. The first font is assigned to L.C. Greek, U.C. Greek, and Symbol, and the second font is assigned to Extra Math. The bold and italic character styles are also turned off for these styles, except for Italic lower-case Greek which is controlled by its own checkbox.

The above rules for Simple mode are outlined in the table below:

Simple mode setting Styles affected Bold Italic
Primary font Text
Function
Variable
Vector-Matrix
Number
Off
Off
Off
On
Off
Off
Off
**
Off
Off
Greek and math fonts L.C. Greek
U.C. Greek
Symbol
Extra Math
Off
Off
Off
Off
**
Off
Off
Off

** controlled by checkbox.

If you make changes in the Advanced pane such that the above patterns of font and character style no longer apply, when you switch to the Simple pane the settings for Primary font and/or Greek and math fonts will be blank. Either choose new options, which will reset the bold and italic character styles to the default settings, or return to the Advanced pane to make minor changes.

Use this mode to get finer control over your style assignments. You can assign a different font and character style to each of the 11 styles.

Use for new equations

If this option is checked, the style settings will be changed both for the current equation and for new equations you create from that point on (see New Equation Preferences). If you uncheck this option, the style settings will affect only the current equation .

Default Settings

Click this button to restore the style settings in this dialog to the default settings.

Support for international keyboards

If your primary written language uses a non-Roman character set (e.g. Greek, Cyrillic), you probably have more than one logical keyboard installed on your computer (Input Locales in the Keyboard section of the Windows Control Panel) that you can switch between using either a keyboard shortcut or the keyboard menu in the System Tray, next to the clock in the Windows Taskbar. If you don't have one now, you may want to add one to make it easier to type Roman alphabet characters for math. Most mathematics in the world uses the Roman alphabet, and since many non-English keyboard layouts have replaced some of the useful math keys (e.g. +, <, >) by alternate characters, it is often more convenient to have both an English keyboard and a non-English keyboard installed.

MathType has a special feature for users that have multiple logical keyboards. You can cause the current style to switch to Text whenever you switch to the keyboard for your native language and switch back to math when you switch to the English keyboard. Similarly, you can make the keyboard switch whenever you change style to Text and switch back when you choose a different style, presumably to type more math.

If you have multiple logical keyboards, the Language/Keyboard section, shown here, will be displayed at the bottom of the Define Styles dialog.

Text style

This menu allows you to choose the keyboard to associate with the Text style. Whenever you switch to the keyboard chosen here, MathType will switch the current style to Text and vice-versa. To break this association, choose Any.

Other styles

This menu allows you to choose the keyboard to associate with all styles except Text. Whenever you switch to the keyboard chosen here, MathType will switch the current style to Math and vice versa. To break this association, choose Any.

#### Other Style dialog

Use this dialog to assign a particular font and character style to selected characters or subsequently typed characters.

We recommend that you use styles rather than explicit fonts and character styles as much as possible, to take advantage of MathType's "intelligent" application of mathematical typesetting rules.

#### Define Sizes dialog

This dialog is used to view and/or modify the absolute or relative sizes assigned to typesizes for the entire expression or for new expressions. Click in one of the typesize values to view a descriptive picture to the right that gives you an idea of where the particular size will be used in your equations.

Changing the main font size of equations

The main font size of an equation is the point size used for most of the equation, as opposed to the size used for subscripts and large symbols, like summation signs and integrals. In MathType's system of typesizes, the main font size is called Full size. To make it easy to change the font size of equations as a whole without changing the proportions between the various sizes, MathType allows you to define all of the other typesizes as percentages of the Full size. So, to change the size of the equation as a whole, you can just enter a new point size for Full size, and all of the other typesizes will be changed relative to it. If you wish to assign sizes that are not relative to Full size, you can assign absolute sizes to any or all of the typesizes in units of inches, centimeters, points, or picas.

Use for new equations

If this option is checked, the sizes will be changed both for the current equation and for new equations you create from that point on (see New Equation Preferences). If you uncheck this option, the size settings will affect only the current equation.

Default Settings

Click this button to restore the sizes in this dialog to the default settings.

#### Other Size dialog

Use this dialog to assign a particular point size to selected characters or subsequently typed characters. You must enter the size in points (decimal fractions are allowed).

We recommend that you use a system of typesizes rather than explicit sizes as much as possible, to take advantage of MathType's "intelligent" application of mathematical typesetting rules.

#### Customize Keyboard dialog

This dialog allows you to review, assign, and remove keyboard shortcuts for all MathType Desktop commands, symbols, and templates. Characters that were recently inserted using the Insert Symbol dialog and characters that currently have shortcuts assigned to them are also shown here. Use the Insert Symbol dialog to assign keyboard shortcuts to other characters.

Command. This pane shows all of MathType Desktop's commands, symbols, and templates organized in a tree hierarchy. Click on each item in the tree to see the item's description shown in the Description box. Items with an icon to the left are categories of commands. Click on the icon to expand and collapse the tree to hide and show the submenus. All non-category items represent commands, symbols, and templates to which you can assign keyboard shortcuts.

Description. This area displays a description of the item currently selected in the Command pane.

Close. Clicking this button closes the dialog. There is no Cancel button. Use the Reset all button to restore all shortcuts to their default settings or the Reset selection button to restore an individual item.

Reset all. Click this button to restore all shortcuts to their default settings.

Reset selection. Click this button to restore the keyboard shortcuts for the currently selected command, symbol, or template to its default settings.

These dialog items are described in Assigning and Removing Keyboard Shortcuts:

• Enter new shortcut key(s)
• Current keys
• Assign
• Remove

#### Cut and Copy Preferences dialog

This dialog allows you to specify what kind of information will be placed on the clipboard whenever you use the Cut or Copy commands on the Edit menu, or when you drag & drop an equation from the MathType editing window. (For the remainder of this topic, when we use the terms cut, copy, and/or paste, the same behavior applies to drag & drop, but we will not explicitly state such.) Normally, Cut or Copy will place a graphic image of the selected part of the equation onto the clipboard, ready to be pasted into a document. However, using the options in this dialog, you can have the selected equation or fragment translated into text in one of the computer languages or for one of the applications or websites for which a translator is available.

Equation object (Windows OLE Graphic; Mac PICT)

Click this option to place an equation object on the clipboard. This is the default and is normally used to transfer equation material between one MathType window and another, or between a MathType window and another application, such as a word processor. When you paste an equation into another application's window, how it is handled depends on that application. If the application is EGO- (Mac) or OLE-compatible, it will be treated as a new EGO or OLE object. If the application is not EGO- or OLE-compatible, it will be treated as a graphic image.

MathML or TeX

MathType is supplied with several translators that allow equations to be translated into other computer languages, TeX and MathML. Click this option to cause MathType to translate the selected equation whenever you use the Cut or Copy command.

Use this listbox to choose from one of the translators currently available to MathType. The text of each list item describes the computer language (or variant) that the translator can translate equations into. In addition to the translators that are installed as part of the MathType product, there may be other translators available from third-party sources. It is also possible to create your own translator or modify an existing one. See Working With MathML and Working With TeX for information on the translators that are installed with MathType.

Include translator name in translation

This option instructs the translator software to place the name of the translator in the translation. This is used by MathType's integration with Microsoft Word to allow its Convert Equations command to find the equations in the document. If you are using MathType with a TeX application instead of Word, you should leave this option unchecked. Some translators may ignore this option.

Include MathType data in translation

This option instructs the translator software to place MathType's equation representation in the translation. This allows the equation to be pasted back into MathType for later editing and should normally be checked. Some translators may ignore this option.

Note:

It is possible to paste raw TeX into MathType, and normally MathType will understand it and produce the equation you want, but be aware that if you clear this option, you may not be able to completely edit the resulting text equation in MathType, or convert it back to a MathType equation object using Convert Equations in Word. Therefore, you should use care when clearing this option.

Equation for application or website

Many applications and websites accept TeX or MathML, but may mark it up in a special way, or with special delimiters. For example, instead of $\frac{1}{2}$, some applications want $\frac{1}{2}$. By selecting the appropriate application or website from this list and copying the equation from MathType, you don't have to worry about specific formats for your favorite applications & sites.

#### Functions Recognized dialog

MathType automatically recognizes standard mathematical function names like "sin" and "log", and applies the Function style to them. You can use this dialog to customize the set of functions MathType will automatically recognize.

Removing a function

To remove a function from automatic recognition, select its name in the list box and then click Remove. If you feel you have removed a function by mistake, you can click Cancel to discard your changes or Reset to restore the list of functions to MathType Desktop's default settings .

Although you might have removed a function from automatic recognition, you still can give a specific function name the proper style using commands on the Style menu.

To add a function to the list, type its name in the New function box, then click Add.

Limitations on new functions

Functions can consist of up to 15 characters, each of which must be a character that MathType would normally place in the variable style, which means accented and un-accented alphabetic characters only. Punctuation, numerals, and operators are not allowed.

The Load Equation Preferences dialog, and the next 2 listed below, are available through the Equation Preferences flyout of the Preferences menu. You can use this dialog to load an equation preference file that was saved earlier using the Save Preferences dialog. If you want to change the equation preferences of several or all equations in a Microsoft Word document, use the format equations command from Word. See Format Equations dialog. This dialog works like any other File Open dialog, with an additional checkbox item described below.

Use for new equations

If this option is checked, the equation preferences will be used both for the current equation and for new equations you create from that point on (see New Equation Preferences). If you uncheck this option, the equation preferences will affect only the current equation.

#### Load Equation Preferences from Factory/Default Settings dialog

Use this dialog to control whether you want to reset equation preferences (sizes, styles, and spacing) to the default settings for the current equation and, optionally, for new equations you create from now on. Uncheck Use for new equations if you only want to change the preferences for the current equation.

#### Load Equation Preferences from File dialog

This dialog appears whenever you open an existing equation preferences file by selecting it from the Preferences menu or by dropping it onto MathType Desktop. Click OK to set the equation preferences for the current equation as specified in the file, or Cancel to quit.

Use for new equations

If this option is checked, the equation preferences will be used both for the current equation and for new equations you create from that point on (see New Equation Preferences). If you uncheck this option, the equation preferences will affect only the current equation.

#### Object Editing Preferences dialog

Use this dialog to make choices that affect editing of equations from within your word processor and other OLE-compatible applications.

Edit in a separate window instead of in-place (Windows only)

Check this option if you prefer editing equations in a separate window from your word-processing document. This can make editing easier by allowing you to work at a different zoom level than in your word processor so you can more easily see small characters, like superscripts, primes, and dots.

Uncheck this option if you prefer editing equations directly in the document. Some applications may not support this feature. In this case, editing will always be in a separate window.

Edit Equation Editor OLE objects with MathType (Mac only)

Check this option if you want to use MathType Desktop to edit equations that were created with the Equation Editor program included with Microsoft Office. When checked, any time you double-click one of these equations for editing, a MathType Desktop window will open containing the equation, instead of an Equation Editor window. We recommend you leave this option checked.

It's entirely likely that you don't have Equation Editor any longer on your computer. It is no longer installed in new installations of Microsoft Office, so if you have installed the Office update that removed Equation Editor, leaving this box unchecked will likely invoke an error message.

(Both Mac and Windows) If you need to collaborate with other authors who do not own MathType Desktop, we recommend they download the MathType trial. See Collaborating with Equation Editor users for more details.

Don't show 'Save Changes' dialog (Windows adds for separate window)

Check this option if you want to suppress display of the Save Changes dialog that normally appears when you close the equation window after making changes. Your changes will then be saved into the document automatically.

Startup in server mode (Windows only)

Check this option if you prefer that MathType Desktop start in server mode whenever you edit an equation for the first time in an editing session. This makes equation editing more responsive but you must exit MathType Desktop separately when you are finished working with equations.

#### Save Equation Preferences dialog

Use this dialog to save a preference file containing the equation preferences from the current equation or the New Equation Preferences. Preference files created here may be used in the following situations:

This dialog works like any other File Save dialog.

#### Web and GIF Preferences dialog

This dialog allows you to:

• Set the resolution, dots-per-inch (dpi), of the GIF equation files you save;
• Set the background color for GIF files;
• Adjust GIF options such as transparency and smoothing;
• Set HTML/text to be copied to the clipboard when a GIF is saved.

Bitmap resolution

Use these items to set the resolution (dpi) of the GIF equation files you save from now on. The preset values are: 72 dpi, 96 dpi, and 120 dpi. Current screen (nnn dpi) shows the resolution that your monitor is currently running at, and Other allows you to enter any other dpi to use when saving GIFs. For example, 300 or 600 dpi is good for print quality GIFs.

Bitmap background

Use the Change button to bring up the Color dialog to set a new background color.

• Smooth edges (anti-aliasing). Check this option to create GIF equation images with smooth edges. This is done by using a technique called anti-aliasing. Pixels on the edges of each character are given colors that are intermediate between the character color and the background color. Smoothing generally works best on characters larger than 12pt, so you may want to experiment.
• Transparent. Check this option if you want the background of GIF equation images to be transparent, allowing the background of your web page to show between the characters of the equation.
• Using transparency with smoothing. You can use these options together. However, to get the best results you should understand how they interact.

Smoothing will be performed using the background color, as described above, even when the Transparent option is checked. In this case, non-transparent pixels will be generated around the edges of the characters. The colors of these pixels will be just as they would if the Transparent option was not checked. This will only look good if the background color of the web page is close to the background color set in this dialog. The closer they are, the more effective the smoothing will be. If the background is highly patterned, you may find equations look better with the Smooth edges option turned off.

Copy HTML/text to clipboard on GIF file save

Check this option if you want MathType Desktop to put a fragment of HTML (or any other text) on the clipboard every time you save an equation in GIF format. This is useful when you run MathType Desktop at the same time as your favorite web page editor. After you create and save each equation, just switch to your editor and paste the HTML code or other text in.

• Paste variable. This menu can be used to paste a variable into the HTML/text fragment you enter in Text to copy. When you save an equation, the variables in the HTML/text will be replaced by the corresponding value for the generated GIF. Variables are identified by the form $(variable). For example,$(URLFileName) will be replaced by the name of the GIF equation file you just saved, in URL-escaped form.
• The available variables are shown in the table below. The sample values are based on a GIF saved in Windows as C:\Program Files\MathType\File 1.gif or in macOS as Mac HD:Users:testing:Desktop:File 1.gif with a height=37 pixels, width=80 pixels, and a baseline adjustment of 12 pixels.
• In the table, where the Sample Values are different for Windows and Mac, the values for Mac will be shown highlighted in yellow.
Variable Description Sample Values
URLFileVolume URL File Volume C:
Mac HD
URLFileDirectory URL File Directory /Program%20Files/MathType
Users/testing/Desktop
URLFileName URL File Name File 1.gif
FileVolume File Volume C:
Mac HD
FileDir File Directory \Program Files\MathType
Users:testing:Desktop
FileName File Name File 1.gif
Height_EM Height in EMs 3.0
Height_PX Height in pixels 37
Height_IN Height in inches .51
Height_MM Height in millimeters 13.0
Height_PT Height in points 37.0
Width_EM Width in EMs 6.6
Width_PX Width in pixels 80
Width_IN Width in inches 1.11
Width_MM Width in millimeters 28.2
Width_PT Width in points 80.0
Base_EM Baseline in EMs 1.0
Base_PX Baseline in pixels 12
Base_IN Baseline in inches .16
Base_MM Baseline in millimeters 4.2
Base_PT Baseline in points 12.0
Base_% Baseline as % of height 32

#### Workspace Preferences dialog

Use this dialog to change settings that affect MathType Desktop's working environment.

Toolbar size

You can use this section to make the toolbar larger, in case you find the toolbar icons too small to see easily, or to make it smaller, if it is taking up too much space on the screen. You can also make the toolbar take up less screen space by hiding unused bars (see the View menu).

Insertion point thickness

You can use this section to choose an insertion point thickness that suits you.

Empty slot thickness

In normal view (see Show Nesting on the View menu), empty slots are displayed as dotted boxes. Use this section to set a thickness that suits you. You can also set the color used for empty slots (see Empty slot color below)

Ruler units

Use this menu to set the spacing units for the graduation marks displayed in the ruler to either inches, centimeters, points, or picas.

User interface language

If you have MathType Desktop installed in more than one language, this item appears in Workspace Preferences. With the dropdown list, you can change the language used for the MathType user interface menus, titles, and tooltip/status bar text. When you change MathType's language, you must restart MathType Desktop for it to take effect.

Colors

• Selection. Default color is aqua. Click the Change button to change the color used for selection. When you select all or part of an equation, either by dragging the mouse pointer across it, by using the Shift key in combination with the arrow keys on the keyboard, or by choosing the Select All command, the selection appears with the background color chosen here. Variables, symbols, and other parts of the equation will remain in whatever color you have chosen in the Color picker (on the Format menu -- default black), so if you choose a dark selection color and a dark equation color, you may have trouble seeing the parts of the equation in the selection.
• Background. Default color is white. Click the Change button to change the color used for the background of the MathType equation editing area in normal view (see Show Nesting on the View menu).
• Spaces. Default color is gray. Click the Change button to change the color used for spaces. This color only applies to the spaces added manually, not to automatic spacing applied by MathType Desktop. Spaces are normally invisible, but are displayed if Show All is checked in the View menu.
• Alignment markers and tabs. Default color is red. Click the Change button to change the color used for alignment markers and tabs. These normally invisible markers are displayed if Show All is checked in the View menu.
• Empty slots. Default color is green. Click the Change button to change the color used to display empty slots in normal view (see Show Nesting on the View menu). You can also set the thickness of the empty slot box (see Empty slot thickness above).
• Custom Speech text (Windows only). Default color is red. Click the Change button to change the color used to underline the part of an equation for which you've specified Exact Text in the Custom Speech Text dialog. Note that Show All must be selected in the View menu in order for this color to take effect.

Show character and template codes in the status bar

Check this option to show the character and template codes in the Status Bar. These will be displayed when the mouse pointer is over a toolbar cell containing a symbol or template and in the Insert Symbol dialog. These character codes are useful to translator writers, for example.

Allow TeX language entry from the keyboard

Check this option to allow keyboard entry of a subset of TeX that is supported by Wikipedia. See Working With TeX and Using TeX Language Input.

Show all instructional messages again

Occasionally, a one-time message will appear explaining different features of MathType Desktop. These can be turned off on the message dialog. To have these messages appear again, check this option.

#### Unlock/Register MathType dialog

This dialog allows you to unlock MathType Desktop to enable full functionality.

To unlock MathType Desktop you must have a valid product key. You can obtain one by purchasing a copy of MathType Desktop, either directly from us or from a dealer. You can purchase MathType Desktop online from our secure web store, contact us directly via email at sales@wiris.com, or by phone at (800) 827‑0685 (U.S. and Canada) or (562) 432‑2920 (rest of the world).

• Once you've obtained a product key, enter your information.
• In order to receive free technical support, upgrade notices and special upgrade pricing, register your copy of MathType Desktop by entering your email and ensuring the check box that allows the installer to send your information to Wiris is selected.

### Toolbar dialogs

#### Expression Properties dialog

This dialog allows you to:

• Enter or edit the status bar description associated with a toolbar expression;
• Edit the expression itself;
• Add or remove the keyboard shortcut that may be used to insert the expression into an equation.

Description for expression

This item defines the text that will be displayed in the status bar when the mouse pointer is over the toolbar cell. If you have defined a keyboard shortcut for the expression, it will be displayed as well.

Edit expression…

Click this button to open a new equation window containing the expression. Once you have made changes, just close the window and save the expression.

#### Ruler Units dialog

Default units for ruler graduations are inches. If you prefer to work in centimeters, points, or picas, you can double-click the ruler to bring up the Ruler Units dialog. Make your choice of ruler units and click OK.

#### Tab Properties dialog

This dialog allows you to edit the text in the toolbar tabs and also assign a keyboard shortcut that brings the tab to the front. To display this dialog, simply double-click on the tab you want to edit or right-click it and choose Properties.

### Dialogs not associated with a menu or toolbar

#### Equation Conversion Manager (Windows only)

You can use the Equation Conversion Manager to control the kinds of equations for which MathType Desktop will be the designated editor. For example, once you have installed MathType, double-clicking an equation you created using the DeltaGraph Equation 2.1, as in the example above, will automatically convert it to a MathType equation. If you don't like this, Equation Conversion Manager is the tool you use to change it.

Running the Equation Conversion Manager

To run the Equation Conversion Manager, simply choose it from the MathType 7 sub-menu of the Windows Start menu. A dialog will be displayed with two lists of equation types:

• The left list contains equation types that will be converted to MathType equations when you double-click them.
• The right list contains equation types that will not be converted, but will be edited using the equation editing application that was used to create them.

Use the two Move buttons in between the lists to move selected equation types from one list to the other.

Show equation types for

This part of the dialog allows you to show just those equation types for which the editor is installed (installed editors only) or show all equation types even for those that are part of products you do not own (all MathType-compatible editors). The latter choice allows you to decide which editor is used for equations contained in a document that an associate might give to you.

Details

Click this button to see details of each equation editor's OLE registration. This is information that is only useful for troubleshooting OLE problems.

MathType Details

Click this button to see details of MathType Desktop's OLE registration. This is information that is only useful for troubleshooting OLE problems

#### MathType Server dialog (Windows only)

This dialog is displayed when MathType Desktop is started in "server mode". Normally when you edit equations using the Insert Object command, use the Insert Equation toolbar button, or double-click an equation in your word processor or other OLE-compatible application, MathType Desktop is started and stopped each time. Server mode avoids the frequent starting and stopping by keeping MathType Desktop running during your entire equation editing session.

There are several ways to start MathType Desktop in server mode:

• Choose the MathType Server item in the MathType sub-menu in the Windows Start menu.
• Check the OLE Startup in server mode option using the Object Editing Preferences command on the Preferences menu.
• Run MathType Desktop with "-server" on the command line.

When MathType Desktop is running in server mode, it will stay running until you click Exit in the MathType Server dialog or, optionally, you can use the timeout feature that will automatically terminate MathType Desktop after it has been idle for a length of time you specify (see Delay before exit when no equation windows are open, described below). See Object Editing Preferences dialog and MathType's Command Line Options.

New Equation

Click this button to open a new, untitled equation window. This command is the same as the New command on the File menu.

Open Equation…

Click this button to open an existing equation file. This command is the same as the Open command on the File menu.

Help

Start MathType in server mode on first use

Check this option if you want MathType Desktop to start in server mode whenever you do the first OLE equation editing operation. This option is also available in the Object Editing Preferences dialog.

Delay before exit when no equation windows are open

This menu allows you to choose the length of time before MathType Desktop will automatically terminate after it has been idle. Any kind of equation editing operation or just viewing this dialog will reset the timer. If you choose Forever from this menu, MathType Desktop will only exit when you click Exit in this dialog or from the File menu of an equation window.

Exit

Click this button to terminate MathType Desktop immediately. If there are any equation windows open that contain unsaved changes, you will be asked if you want to save them.

Minimize

Click this button to minimize this dialog. This has the same effect as clicking the minimize button in the top-right corner of the dialog.

You can use MathType Desktop's toolbar to enter symbols, templates, mathematical expressions, and even entire equations into the equation you are working on.

Once a symbol or template palette menu is pulled down, you can use the arrow keys to move the focus around in the menu. Once you have moved the focus to a symbol or template you want to insert into the equation, type Enter. To close the menu without inserting anything, type Esc (the Escape key) or click somewhere else with the mouse. You may have to type Esc more than once to set the focus back to the equation.

Setting the focus to one of the bars

There are several pre-defined keyboard shortcuts that will place the keyboard focus in each of the bars that make up the toolbar:

• Symbol Palettes F2 or F5; Mac: +F5
• Template Palettes F6; Mac: +F6
• Small Bar F7; Mac: +F7
• Large Tabbed Bar F8; Mac: +F8
• Small Tabbed Bar F9; Mac: +F9

Once the focus is on one of the bars, you can use the arrow keys to move the focus around in the desired direction. Besides the arrow keys, these keys are also used:

Enter (return): Type this key to insert a symbol, template, or expression into the equation once you have moved the focus over the one you want. You also use this key to open (pull down) a palette menu that is closed.

Esc (escape): Type this key to return the focus back to the equation or to close an open palette menu.

Other toolbar-related shortcuts

Using the Customize Keyboard command on the Preferences menu, you can modify any of the keyboard shortcuts mentioned above. You can also assign shortcuts to display the various layers of the tabbed bars. See Customize Keyboard dialog.

### Viewing and positioning

You can:

• Dock or float the toolbar. (Windows only) Just double-click on the toolbar's drag handle, its title, or any empty part of the toolbar to toggle between docked and floating. You can also dock the toolbar by dragging it over the top or bottom of an equation window and releasing it (the drag outline will change to indicate you are over a docking position). You can prevent the toolbar from docking by holding down Ctrl while dragging.
• Move the toolbar. (Windows only) You can drag the floating toolbar as you would any window to move it. If the toolbar is docked, you can move it to the top or bottom of the window by dragging it.
• Hide or show the toolbar. The Toolbar command on the View menu toggles between hiding and showing the toolbar. If you can create all the equations you need from the keyboard, you might want to hide the toolbar to allow more screen space for equations.
• Resize the toolbar. If the toolbar's items are too small to see or it takes up too much space on your screen, you can use the Workspace Preferences dialog to choose between 3 different sizes.
• Hide or show an individual bar. There is a group of 5 commands on the View menu, one for each bar in the toolbar, that you can use to toggle the display of individual bars. If you never use some of the bars, you might hide them to make the toolbar smaller.

### Customizable toolbars

#### Small bar

The Small Bar is a place you can add often-used symbols, templates, and small expressions. Once you have added items to the bar, they can be inserted into your equations at any time by clicking on them.

#### Tabs

The Tabs allow you to switch between 9 layers of expressions, symbols, and templates. To switch to a new layer, click the tab. You can also rename Tabs to organize your toolbar however you like. For quick access to each layer from the keyboard, you can assign a keyboard shortcut to a Tab. To rename a Tab or assign a shortcut, double-click it to bring up the Tab Properties dialog. When dragging items to the toolbar, you can switch tabs by holding the mouse pointer over a tab while keeping the mouse button depressed; after a short while the toolbar will display the items associated with this tab.

#### Large tabbed bar

The Large Tabbed Bar is a place you can add often-used expressions. Once you have added an expression to the bar, it can be inserted into your equations at any time by just clicking on it. Use the Tabs to access more expressions.

#### Small tabbed bar

The Small Tabbed Bar is a place you can add often-used symbols, templates, and small expressions. Once you have added an item to the bar, it can be inserted into your equations at any time by just clicking on it. Use the Tabs to access more items.