# Keyboard shortcuts

## Formatting

Shortcuts for formatting equation elements (same Windows/Mac, unless noted):

- Insert Tab (
`Ctrl`+`Tab`)

- New Line (
`Enter`/`Return`)

- Nudge Down (
`Ctrl`+`↓`/`⌘`+`↓`)

- Nudge Left (
`Ctrl`+`←`/`⌘`+`←`)

- Nudge Right (
`Ctrl`+`→`/`⌘`+`→`)

- Nudge Up (
`Ctrl`+`↑`/`⌘`+`↑`)

- Rotate Fence Alignment (
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`Alt`/`⌘`+`Shift`+`Alt`)

## Menu Commands

Commands, templates and symbols without default shortcuts are shown in *italics*. To assign or remove shortcuts see Assigning and Removing Keyboard Shortcuts.

#### MathType Menu (Mac only)

**Commands appearing on the MathType menu:**

*About MathType…*- Hide MathType
`⌘`+`H` - Hide Others
`⌥`+`⌘`+`H` *Show All*- Quit MathType
`⌘`+`Q`

**Commands appearing on the Preferences submenu of the MathType menu:**

*Cut and Copy Preferences…**Web and GIF Preferences…**Functions Recognized…**Workspace Preferences…**Customize Keyboard…**Object Editing Preferences…*

**Commands appearing on the Equation Preferences submenu of the Preferences submenu:**

*Load from Default Settings…**Load from Preferences for New Equations**Load from File…**Save to Preferences for New Equations**Save to File…*

#### File Menu

- New
`Ctrl`+`N`, Mac:`⌘`+`N` - Open…
`Ctrl`+`O`, Mac:`⌘`+`O` - Close
`Ctrl`+`F4`, Mac:`⌘`+`W` - Save
`Ctrl`+`Shift`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift` *Save As…*- Print…
`Ctrl`+`P`, Mac:`⌘`+`P` - Exit (Windows only)
`Alt`+`F4`

#### Edit Menu

- Undo
`Ctrl`+`Z`, Mac:`⌘`+`Z` - Redo
`Ctrl`+`Y`, Mac:`⌘`+`Y` - Cut
`Ctrl`+`X`, Mac:`⌘`+`X` - Copy
`Ctrl`+`Ctrl`, Mac:`⌘`+`Ctrl` - Paste
`Ctrl`+`V`, Mac:`⌘`+`V` *Clear**Insert Symbol…**Open Math Input Panel…*(Windows only)- Select All
`Ctrl`+`Alt`, Mac:`⌘`+`Alt`

#### View Menu

**Commands for items appearing on the View menu:**

- Show All
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`Y`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`Y` - Show Nesting
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`N`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`N` - Symbol Palettes
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`K`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`K` - Template Palettes
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`T`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`T` - Small Bar
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`F`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`F` - Large Tabbed Bar
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`L`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`L` - Small Tabbed Bar
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`Shift`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`Shift` - Toolbar
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`B`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`B` - Ruler
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`R`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`R` *View in Wolfram Alpha*

**Commands appearing on the Zoom submenu of the View menu:**

- 100%
`Ctrl`+`1`, Mac:`⌘`+`1` - 200%
`Ctrl`+`2`, Mac:`⌘`+`2` - 400%
`Ctrl`+`4`, Mac:`⌘`+`4` - 800%
`Ctrl`+`8`, Mac:`⌘`+`8` *Other…*

#### Format Menu

**Commands appearing on the Format menu:**

- Align Left
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`L`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`L` - Align Center
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`J`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`J` - Align Right
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`R`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`R` *Align at*= < > …*Align at .**Align at Top**Align at Center**Align at Bottom**Color**Line Spacing…**Matrix**Fence Alignment…**Inline Equation**Reset Nudge**Define Spacing…*

**Commands appearing on the Color submenu of the Format menu:**

*Other…**Edit Color Menu…*

**Commands appearing on the Matrix submenu of the Format menu:**

- Add Row Above
`Ctrl`+`M`,`A` - Add Row Below
`Ctrl`+`M`,`B` - Add Column to Left
`Ctrl`+`M`,`L` - Add Column to Right
`Ctrl`+`M`,`R` - Delete Row
`Ctrl`+`M`,`D` - Delete Column
`Ctrl`+`M`,`Shift`+`D` - Change Matrix
`Ctrl`+`M`,`C`, Mac:`^M`,`C`

#### Style Menu

- Math
`Ctrl`+`+`, Mac:`⌘`+`+` - Text
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`E`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`E` - Function
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`F`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`F` - Variable
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`V`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`V` - Greek-Symbol
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`G`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`G` - Vector-Matrix
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`B`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`B` - User 1
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`U`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`U` - User 2
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`Shift`+`U`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`Shift`+`U` *Other…**Define…*

#### Size Menu

*Full**Subscript**Sub-Subscript**Symbol**Sub-Symbol**User 1**User 2**Other…*- Smaller
`Ctrl`+`<`, Mac:`⌘`+`<` - Larger
`Ctrl`+`>`, Mac:`⌘`+`>` *Reset Smaller/Larger**Define…*

#### Preferences Menu (Windows)

**Commands appearing on the Preferences menu:**

*Cut and Copy Preferences**Web and GIF Preferences…**Functions Recognized…**Workspace Preferences…**Customize Keyboard…**Object Editing Preferences…*

**Commands appearing on the Equation Preferences submenu of the Preferences menu:**

*Load from Default Settings…**Load from Preferences for New Equations**Load from File…**Save to Preferences for New Equations**Save to File…*

#### Help Menu

**Commands appearing on the Help menu:**

- Table of Contents
`F1`, Mac:`⌘`+`?` *MathType Tutorials**MathType on the Web**Unlock/Register MathType…**About MathType…*

**Commands appearing on the MathType on the Web submenu of the Help menu:**

*MathType Home Page…**Online Support…**Send Feedback by Email…**Order MathType**Future MathType…**Check for Latest Version Now…**Show Tips*

## Navigation and Selection

**Commands for moving around and/or selecting items in the current equation:**

- Beginning of Slot
`Home` - Delete Left
`Backspace`, Mac:`Delete` - Delete Right
`Delete`, Mac:`Forward Delete` - End of Slot
`End` - Move Down
`↓` - Move Down Extend Selection
`Shift`+`↓` - Move Left
`←` - Move Left Extend Selection
`Shift`+`←` - Move Right
`→` - Move Right Extend Selection
`Shift`+`→` - Move Up
`↑` - Move Up Extend Selection
`Shift`+`↑` - Next Slot
`Tab` - Previous Slot
`Shift`+`Tab` - Scroll Down
`Page Down` - Scroll Up
`Page Up` - Select Slot
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`S`or double-click, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`S`or double-click - Skip Left
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`←`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`←` - Skip Right
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`→`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`→`

## Keyboard Modifiers (one-shots)

**Shortcuts for specifying the style of the next character typed into the current equation:**

- Greek-Symbol One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`G`, Mac:`⌘`+`G` - Vector-Matrix One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`B`, Mac:`⌘`+`B` - User 1 One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`U`, Mac:`⌘`+`U` - User 2 One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`U`, Mac:`⌘`+`⌥`+`U`

**Shortcuts for modifying the method used to insert the next template entered with a keyboard shortcut:**

- Replace Selected Template One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`Q` - Use Alternate Template Form One-Shot
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`O`, Mac:`⌘`+`Shift`+`O`

## Toolbar Commands

**Commands for items appearing on the toolbar:**

- Dock or Float (Windows only)
`Ctrl`+`Alt`+`D`

**Commands for setting keyboard focus within the toolbar:**

- Focus to Small Bar
`F7`, Mac:`⌘`+`F7` - Focus to Large Tabbed Bar
`F8`, Mac:`⌘`+`F8` - Focus to Small Tabbed Bar
`F9`, Mac:`⌘`+`F9`

**Commands for setting keyboard focus within the Tabbed Bars:**

- Focus to Tab 1 "Algebra"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`1`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`1` - Focus to Tab 2 "Derivs"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`2`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`2` - Focus to Tab 3 "Statistics"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`3`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`3` - Focus to Tab 4 "Matrices"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`4`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`4` - Focus to Tab 5 "Sets"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`5`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`5` - Focus to Tab 6 "Trig"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`6`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`6` - Focus to Tab 7 "Geometry"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`7`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`7` - Focus to Tab 8 "Tab 8"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`8`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`8` - Focus to Tab 9 "Tab 9"
`Ctrl`+`F10`,`9`, Mac:`⌘`+`F10`,`9`

## Window Control

**Commands for controlling the application's windows:**

*Minimize**Maximize**Move**Restore**Size*

# Keyboard Shortcuts for Symbols

Follow the links to reach detailed information about individual shortcuts.

## Symbol Palettes

#### Relational Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Less-than or equal to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`,` - Greater-than or equal to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`.` *Much less-than from Extra Math style**Much greater-than from Extra Math style**Precedes from Extra Math style**Succeeds from Extra Math style**Normal subgroup of from Extra Math style**Contains as normal subgroup from Extra Math style*- Tilde operator from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Alt`+`~` - Almost equal to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`~` *Asymptotically equal to from Extra Math style**Approximately equal to from Symbol style*- Not equal to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`+` - Identical to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`=` *Delta equal to from Extra Math style**Estimates from Extra Math style**Approaches the limit from Extra Math style*- Proportional to from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`P`

#### Spaces and Ellipses

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Alignment mark
`Ctrl ;` - Zero-width space
`Shift Space` - 1-point space
`Ctrl Alt Space`or`Ctrl K`,`1` - Thin space (1/6 EM)
`Ctrl Space`or`Ctrl K`,`2` - Thick space (1/3 EM)
`Ctrl`+`Shift Space`or`Ctrl K`,`3` - EM space
`Ctrl K`,`4` - Horizontal ellipsis from Extra Math style
`Ctrl .`,`_` - Math-axis ellipsis from Extra Math style
`Ctrl .`,`-` - Vertical ellipsis from Extra Math style
`Ctrl .`,`|` - Up right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style
`Ctrl .`,`/` - Down right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style
`Ctrl .`,`\`

#### Embellishments

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

*Remove all embellishments*- Prime
`Ctrl Alt '` - Double prime
`Ctrl "` - Triple prime
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt '` - Back prime
`Ctrl`+`6`,``` - Not
`Ctrl`+`6`,`N` - Strike-through
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt-` - Cross-out
`Ctrl`+`6`,`X` - Slash (up)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`/` - Slash (down)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`\` - Single dot
`Ctrl Alt .` - Double dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`2` - Triple dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`3` - Quad dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`4` - Under single dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`!` - Under double dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`@` - Under triple dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`#` - Under quad dot
`Ctrl`+`6`,`$` - Over-bar
`Ctrl _` - Tilde
`Ctrl`+`6`,`~` - Arc (frown)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`9` - Arc (smile)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`0` - Hat
`Ctrl`+`6`,`6` - Under bar
`Ctrl`+`6`,`_` *Under tilde*- Under arc (frown)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`(` - Under arc (smile)
`Ctrl`+`6`,`)` - Right arrow
`Ctrl Alt -` - Left arrow
`Ctrl`+`6`,`←` - Double-headed arrow
`Ctrl`+`6`,`↑` - Right harpoon
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt`+`→` - Left harpoon
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt`+`←` - Under right arrow
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Shift`+`→` - Under left arrow
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Shift`+`←` - Under double-headed arrow
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Shift`+`↑` - Under right harpoon
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`→` - Under left harpoon
`Ctrl`+`6`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`←`

#### Operator Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Plus-minus sign from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`=` - Minus-plus sign from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`+` - Multiplication sign from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`T` - Asterisk operator from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`*` - Division sign from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`/` *Circled plus from Symbol style**Circled times from Symbol style**Circled dot operator from Extra Math style*- Dot operator from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`.` *Medium dot operator (free radical) from Extra Math style*- Bullet from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`8` *Composition from Extra Math style*- Left-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`<` - Right-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`>` - Left white square bracket from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`[` - Right white square bracket from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`]`

#### Arrow Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Left right arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Alt`+`←` - Rightwards arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`→` - Leftwards arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`←` - Up down arrow from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Alt`+`↑` - Upwards arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`↑` - Downwards arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`↓` - Left right double arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`←` - Rightwards double arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`→` - Leftwards double arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`←` - Up down double arrow from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`↑` - Upwards double arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`↑` - Downwards double arrow from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`↓` *Double arrow northeast southwest from Extra Math style**North east arrow from Extra Math style**South west arrow from Extra Math style**Double arrow northwest southeast from Extra Math style**South east arrow from Extra Math style**North west arrow from Extra Math style**Rightwards arrow over leftwards arrow from Extra Math style**Arrow rightwards over small arrow leftwards from Extra Math style**Small arrow rightwards over arrow leftwards from Extra Math style**Right harpoon over left harpoon from Extra Math style**Harpoon right over small harpoon left from Extra Math style**Small harpoon right over harpoon left from Extra Math style*- Rightwards arrow from bar from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Tab` - Downwards arrow with corner leftwards from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Enter`

#### Logical Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Therefore from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`T` - Because or since from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`B` *Small contains as member from Symbol style*- There exists from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`E` - For all from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`A` - Not sign from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`N` - Logical and from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`7` - Logical or from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`\`

#### Set Theory Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Element of from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`E` - Not an element of from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`E` - Union from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`U` - Intersection from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`X` - Union from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`U` - Intersection from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`X` - Subset of from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`C` - Superset of from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`S` *Subset of or equal to from Symbol style**Superset of or equal to from Symbol style*- Not a subset of from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`C` - Empty set from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`O`

#### Miscellaneous Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Partial differential from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`D` *Weierstrass elliptic symbol from Symbol style*- Fraktur capital I from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`I` - Fraktur capital R from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`Shift`+`R` - Alef symbol from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`A` - Blackboard-bold capital R from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`D`,`Shift`+`R` - Blackboard-bold capital Z from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`D`,`Shift`+`Z` - Blackboard-bold capital C from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`D`,`Shift`+`C` - Blackboard-bold capital Q from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`D`,`Shift`+`Q` - Blackboard-bold capital N from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`D`,`Shift`+`N` - Infinity from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`I` - Planck constant over two pi from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`H` - Latin small letter lambda with stroke from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`K`,`L` - Script small L from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`L` *Dagger from Function style**Greek capital letter Delta from Symbol style**Gradient (nabla) from Symbol style*- Greek capital letter Omega from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`O` - Inverted ohm sign from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`Shift`+`O` *Diamond operator from Symbol style**N-ary summation from Symbol style**N-ary product from Symbol style**N-ary coproduct from Extra Math style**Integral from Symbol style*- Degree sign from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`D` - Angle from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`Shift`+`A` - Measured angle from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`Alt`+`A` - Spherical angle from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`A` - Perpendicular from Symbol style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`P` - Parallel to from Extra Math style
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`K`,`|` *White up-pointing triangle from Extra Math style**White square from Extra Math style**White rectangle from Extra Math style**White parallelogram from Extra Math style**White circle from Extra Math style*

#### Greek Characters (Lowercase)

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Greek small letter alpha from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`A` - Greek small letter beta from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`B` - Greek small letter chi from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`C` - Greek small letter delta from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`D` - Greek small letter epsilon from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`E` - Greek phi symbol from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`F` - Greek small letter phi from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`J` - Greek small letter gamma from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`G` - Greek small letter eta from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`H` - Greek small letter iota from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`I` - Greek small letter kappa from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`K` - Greek small letter lamda from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`L` - Greek small letter mu from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`M` - Greek small letter nu from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`N` - Greek small letter omicron from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`O` - Greek small letter pi from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`P` - Greek pi symbol from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`V` - Greek small letter theta from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Q` - Greek theta symbol from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`J` - Greek small letter rho from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`R` - Greek small letter sigma from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`S` - Greek small letter final sigma from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`V` - Greek small letter tau from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`T` - Greek small letter upsilon from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`U` - Greek small letter omega from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`W` - Greek small letter xi from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`X` - Greek small letter psi from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Y` - Greek small letter zeta from L.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Z`

#### Greek Characters (Uppercase)

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Greek capital letter Alpha from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`A` - Greek capital letter Beta from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`B` - Greek capital letter Chi from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`C` - Greek capital letter Delta from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`D` - Greek capital letter Epsilon from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`E` - Greek capital letter Phi from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`F` - Greek capital letter Gamma from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`G` - Greek capital letter Eta from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`H` - Greek capital letter Iota from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`I` - Greek capital letter Kappa from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`K` - Greek capital letter Lamda from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`L` - Greek capital letter Mu from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`M` - Greek capital letter Nu from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`N` - Greek capital letter Omicron from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`O` - Greek capital letter Pi from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`P` - Greek capital letter Theta from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`Q` - Greek capital letter Rho from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`R` - Greek capital letter Sigma from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`S` - Greek capital letter Tau from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`T` *Greek upsilon with hook symbol from U.C. Greek style*- Greek capital letter Omega from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`W` - Greek capital letter Xi from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`X` - Greek capital letter Psi from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`Y` - Greek capital letter Zeta from U.C. Greek style
`Ctrl`+`G`,`Shift`+`Z`

# Keyboard Shortcuts for Templates

## Template palettes

#### Fence templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Parentheses, or round brackets
`Ctrl`+`9` - Brackets, or square brackets
`Ctrl`+`[` - Braces, or curly brackets
`Ctrl`+`{` - Angle brackets (inner products, etc.)
`Ctrl`+`,` - Single vertical bars (absolute value, determinant, etc.)
`Ctrl`+`T`,`|` *Double vertical bars (norms)**Floor brackets**Ceiling brackets**Brackets denoting a type of interval**Brackets denoting a type of interval**Bra-ket (-ket)**Bra-ket (bra)**Brackets denoting a type of interval**Brackets denoting a type of interval**Brackets denoting a type of interval**Open brackets**Left parenthesis**Right parenthesis*- Left bracket
`Ctrl`+`T`,`[` - Right bracket
`Ctrl`+`T`,`]` - Left brace
`Ctrl`+`T`,`{` - Right brace
`Ctrl`+`T`,`}` - Left angle bracket
`Ctrl`+`T`,`<` - Right angle bracket
`Ctrl`+`T`,`>` *Left vertical bar**Right vertical bar**Left double bar**Right double bar**Left open bracket**Right open bracket**Bra-ket**Upper horizontal brace**Lower horizontal brace**Upper horizontal bracket**Lower horizontal bracket*

#### Fraction and radical templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Full-size fraction
`Ctrl`+`F` - Reduced-size fraction
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`F` - Full-size diagonal fraction
`Ctrl`+`/` - Reduced-size diagonal fraction
`Ctrl`+`T`,`?` - Slash fraction
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`/`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`/` - Square root
`Ctrl`+`R` - nth root
`Ctrl`+`T`,`N` - Long division
`Ctrl`+`T`,`D` - Long division with quotient
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`D`

#### Subscript and superscript templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Superscript
`Ctrl`+`H`; Mac:`⌘`+`E` - Subscript
`Ctrl`+`L` - Superscript and subscript
`Ctrl`+`J` *Superscript to left of character**Subscript to left of character**Subscript and superscript to left of character*- Over-script
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`L` - Under-script (limit)
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`L`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`L` - Over-script and under-script
`Ctrl`+`T`,`L` *Large operator with superscript limit**Large operator with subscript limit**Large operator with superscript and subscript limits*- Large operator with over-script limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`O` - Large operator with under-script limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`O`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`O` - Large operator with over-script and under-script limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`O`

#### Summation templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Summation with no limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`S` - Summation with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`S`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`S` - Summation with underscript and overscript limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`S` *Summation with subscript limit**Summation with subscript and superscript limits*

#### Integral templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Indefinite integral (no limits)
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`!` - Definite integral with overscript and underscript limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`S` - Definite integral with superscript and subscript limits
`Ctrl`+`I` - Integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`S` - Integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`1` - Double integral with no limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`@` - Double integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`2` - Double integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`2` - Triple integral with no limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`#` - Triple integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`3` - Triple integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`3` - Contour integral with no limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Shift`+`C` - Contour integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`C` - Contour integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`C` - Area integral with no limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Shift`+`A` - Area integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`A` - Area integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`A` - Volume integral with no limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Shift`+`V` - Volume integral with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`V` - Volume integral with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`V` - Integral with counter-clockwise loop without limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Shift`+`←` - Integral with counter-clockwise loop with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`←` - Integral with counter-clockwise loop with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`←` - Integral with clockwise loop without limits
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Shift`+`→` - Integral with clockwise loop with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`→` - Integral with clockwise loop with subscript limit
`Ctrl`+`Shift`+`I`,`Alt`+`→`

#### Underbar and overbar templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Tilde
`Ctrl`+`^`,`~` - Hat
`Ctrl`+`^`,`6` - Arc
`Ctrl`+`^`,`9` - Joint status
`Ctrl`+`^`,`J` - Over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`-` - Double over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`D` - Under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`_` - Double under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Shift`+`D` - Right arrow over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`→` - Left arrow over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`←` - Right harpoon over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Alt`+`→` - Double-headed arrow over-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`↑` - Right arrow under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Shift`+`→` - Left arrow under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Shift`+`←` - Right harpoon under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Alt`+`Shift`+`→` - Double-headed arrow under-bar
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Shift`+`↑` - Mid-line strike-through
`Ctrl`+`^`,`Alt`+`-` - Strike-through
`Ctrl`+`^`,`X` - Strike-through (bottom-left to upper-right)
`Ctrl`+`^`,`/` - Strike-through (top-left to bottom-right)
`Ctrl`+`^`,`\`

#### Labeled arrow templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Right arrow with upper text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`→` - Right arrow with lower text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`→` - Right arrow with upper and lower text slots
`Ctrl`+`T`,`→` - Left arrow with upper text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`←` - Left arrow with lower text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`←` - Left arrow with upper and lower text slots
`Ctrl`+`T`,`←` - Double-headed arrow with upper text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`↑` - Double-headed arrow with lower text slot
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`↑` - Double-headed arrow arrow with upper and lower text slots
`Ctrl`+`T`,`↑` *Double arrow with upper text slot**Double arrow with lower text slot**Double arrow with upper and lower text slots**Large over small arrow with upper text slot**Large over small arrow with lower text slot**Large over small arrow with upper and lower text slots**Small over large arrow with upper text slot**Small over large arrow with lower text slot**Small over large arrow with upper and lower text slots**Harpoons with upper text slot**Harpoons with lower text slot**Harpoons with upper and lower text slots**Large over small harpoon with upper text slot**Large over small harpoon with lower text slot**Large over small harpoon with upper and lower text slots**Small over large harpoon with upper text slot**Small over large harpoon with lower text slot**Small over large harpoon with upper and lower text slots*

#### Products and set theory templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

- Product with no limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`P` - Product with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`P`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`P` - Product with underscript and overscript limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`P` *Product with subscript limit**Product with subscript and superscript limits*- Coproduct with no limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`C` - Coproduct with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`C`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`C` - Coproduct with underscript and overscript limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`C` *Coproduct with subscript limit**Coproduct with subscript and superscript limits*- Intersection with no limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`I` - Intersection with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`I` - Intersection with underscript and overscript limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`I` *Intersection with subscript limit**Intersection with subscript and superscript limits*- Union with no limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Shift`+`U` - Union with underscript limit
`Ctrl`+`T`,`Alt`+`U`; Mac:`⌘`+`T`,`Ctrl`+`U` - Union with underscript and overscript limits
`Ctrl`+`T`,`U` *Union with subscript limit**Union with subscript and superscript limits*

#### Matrix templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute `⌘` key for `Ctrl` key, except as noted. `Alt` key is the same as `⌥`.

*1 row, 2 column matrix**2 row, 1 column matrix*- 2 row, 2 column matrix
`Ctrl`+`M`,`2`(Windows & Mac) *1 row, 3 column matrix**3 row, 1 column matrix*- 3 row, 3 column matrix
`Ctrl`+`M`,`3`(Windows & Mac) *1 row, 4 column matrix**4 row, 1 column matrix*- 4 row, 4 column matrix
`Ctrl`+`M`,`4`(Windows & Mac) *Variable-size row matrix**Variable-size column matrix*- Variable-size matrix or table
`Ctrl`+`M`,`N`(Windows & Mac)