Keyboard shortcuts

Shortcuts for formatting equation elements (same Windows/Mac, unless noted):

  • Insert Tab (Ctrl+Tab)
  • New Line (Enter/Return)
  • Nudge Down (Ctrl+/+)
  • Nudge Left (Ctrl+/+)
  • Nudge Right (Ctrl+/+)
  • Nudge Up (Ctrl+/+)
  • Rotate Fence Alignment (Ctrl+Shift+Alt/+Shift+Alt)

Commands, templates and symbols without default shortcuts are shown in italics. To assign or remove shortcuts see Assigning and Removing Keyboard Shortcuts.

MathType Menu (Mac only)

Commands appearing on the MathType menu:

  • About MathType
  • Hide MathType +H
  • Hide Others ++H
  • Show All
  • Quit MathType +Q

Commands appearing on the Preferences submenu of the MathType menu:

  • Cut and Copy Preferences…
  • Web and GIF Preferences…
  • Functions Recognized…
  • Workspace Preferences…
  • Customize Keyboard…
  • Object Editing Preferences…

Commands appearing on the Equation Preferences submenu of the Preferences submenu:

  • Load from Default Settings…
  • Load from Preferences for New Equations
  • Load from File…
  • Save to Preferences for New Equations
  • Save to File…

File Menu

  • New Ctrl+N, Mac: +N
  • Open… Ctrl+O, Mac: +O
  • Close Ctrl+F4, Mac: +W
  • Save Ctrl+Shift, Mac: +Shift
  • Save As…
  • Print… Ctrl+P, Mac: +P
  • Exit (Windows only) Alt+F4

Edit Menu

  • Undo Ctrl+Z, Mac: +Z
  • Redo Ctrl+Y, Mac: +Y
  • Cut Ctrl+X, Mac: +X
  • Copy Ctrl+Ctrl, Mac: +Ctrl
  • Paste Ctrl+V, Mac: +V
  • Clear
  • Insert Symbol…
  • Open Math Input Panel… (Windows only)
  • Select All Ctrl+Alt, Mac: +Alt

View Menu

Commands for items appearing on the View menu:

  • Show All Ctrl+Shift+Y, Mac: +Shift+Y
  • Show Nesting Ctrl+Shift+N, Mac: +Shift+N
  • Symbol Palettes Ctrl+Alt+K, Mac: ++K
  • Template Palettes Ctrl+Alt+T, Mac: ++T
  • Small Bar Ctrl+Alt+F, Mac: ++F
  • Large Tabbed Bar Ctrl+Alt+L, Mac: ++L
  • Small Tabbed Bar Ctrl+Alt+Shift, Mac: ++Shift
  • Toolbar Ctrl+Alt+B, Mac: ++B
  • Ruler Ctrl+Alt+R, Mac: ++R
  • View in Wolfram Alpha

Commands appearing on the Zoom submenu of the View menu:

  • 100% Ctrl+1, Mac: +1
  • 200% Ctrl+2, Mac: +2
  • 400% Ctrl+4, Mac: +4
  • 800% Ctrl+8, Mac: +8
  • Other…

Format Menu

Commands appearing on the Format menu:

  • Align Left Ctrl+Shift+L, Mac: +Shift+L
  • Align Center Ctrl+Shift+J, Mac: +Shift+J
  • Align Right Ctrl+Shift+R, Mac: +Shift+R
  • Align at = < > …
  • Align at .
  • Align at Top
  • Align at Center
  • Align at Bottom
  • Color
  • Line Spacing…
  • Matrix
  • Fence Alignment…
  • Inline Equation
  • Reset Nudge
  • Define Spacing…

Commands appearing on the Color submenu of the Format menu:

  • Other…
  • Edit Color Menu…

Commands appearing on the Matrix submenu of the Format menu:

  • Add Row Above Ctrl+M,A
  • Add Row Below Ctrl+M,B
  • Add Column to Left Ctrl+M,L
  • Add Column to Right Ctrl+M,R
  • Delete Row Ctrl+M,D
  • Delete Column Ctrl+M,Shift+D
  • Change Matrix Ctrl+M,C, Mac: ^M,C

Style Menu

  • Math Ctrl++, Mac: ++
  • Text Ctrl+Shift+E, Mac: +Shift+E
  • Function Ctrl+Shift+F, Mac: +Shift+F
  • Variable Ctrl+Shift+V, Mac: +Shift+V
  • Greek-Symbol Ctrl+Shift+G, Mac: +Shift+G
  • Vector-Matrix Ctrl+Shift+B, Mac: +Shift+B
  • User 1 Ctrl+Shift+U, Mac: +Shift+U
  • User 2 Ctrl+Alt+Shift+U, Mac: ++Shift+U
  • Other…
  • Define…

Size Menu

  • Full
  • Subscript
  • Sub-Subscript
  • Symbol
  • Sub-Symbol
  • User 1
  • User 2
  • Other…
  • Smaller Ctrl+<, Mac: +<
  • Larger Ctrl+>, Mac: +>
  • Reset Smaller/Larger
  • Define…

Preferences Menu (Windows)

Commands appearing on the Preferences menu:

  • Cut and Copy Preferences
  • Web and GIF Preferences…
  • Functions Recognized…
  • Workspace Preferences…
  • Customize Keyboard…
  • Object Editing Preferences…

Commands appearing on the Equation Preferences submenu of the Preferences menu:

  • Load from Default Settings…
  • Load from Preferences for New Equations
  • Load from File…
  • Save to Preferences for New Equations
  • Save to File…

Help Menu

Commands appearing on the Help menu:

  • Table of Contents F1, Mac: +?
  • MathType Tutorials
  • MathType on the Web
  • Unlock/Register MathType
  • About MathType

Commands appearing on the MathType on the Web submenu of the Help menu:

  • MathType Home Page…
  • Online Support…
  • Send Feedback by Email…
  • Order MathType
  • Future MathType
  • Check for Latest Version Now…
  • Show Tips

Commands for moving around and/or selecting items in the current equation:

  • Beginning of Slot Home
  • Delete Left Backspace, Mac: Delete
  • Delete Right Delete, Mac: Forward Delete
  • End of Slot End
  • Move Down
  • Move Down Extend Selection Shift+
  • Move Left
  • Move Left Extend Selection Shift+
  • Move Right
  • Move Right Extend Selection Shift+
  • Move Up
  • Move Up Extend Selection Shift+
  • Next Slot Tab
  • Previous Slot Shift+Tab
  • Scroll Down Page Down
  • Scroll Up Page Up
  • Select Slot Ctrl+Shift+S or double-click, Mac: +Shift+S or double-click
  • Skip Left Ctrl+Shift+, Mac: +Shift+
  • Skip Right Ctrl+Shift+, Mac: +Shift+

Shortcuts for specifying the style of the next character typed into the current equation:

  • Greek-Symbol One-Shot Ctrl+G, Mac: +G
  • Vector-Matrix One-Shot Ctrl+B, Mac: +B
  • User 1 One-Shot Ctrl+U, Mac: +U
  • User 2 One-Shot Ctrl+Alt+U, Mac: ++U

Shortcuts for modifying the method used to insert the next template entered with a keyboard shortcut:

  • Replace Selected Template One-Shot Ctrl+Q
  • Use Alternate Template Form One-Shot Ctrl+Shift+O, Mac: +Shift+O

Commands for items appearing on the toolbar:

  • Dock or Float (Windows only) Ctrl+Alt+D

Commands for setting keyboard focus within the toolbar:

  • Focus to Symbol Palettes F2 or F5, Mac: +F5
  • Focus to Template Palettes F6, Mac: +F6
  • Focus to Small Bar F7, Mac: +F7
  • Focus to Large Tabbed Bar F8, Mac: +F8
  • Focus to Small Tabbed Bar F9, Mac: +F9

Commands for setting keyboard focus within the Tabbed Bars:

  • Focus to Tab 1 "Algebra" Ctrl+F10,1, Mac: +F10,1
  • Focus to Tab 2 "Derivs" Ctrl+F10,2, Mac: +F10,2
  • Focus to Tab 3 "Statistics" Ctrl+F10,3, Mac: +F10,3
  • Focus to Tab 4 "Matrices" Ctrl+F10,4, Mac: +F10,4
  • Focus to Tab 5 "Sets" Ctrl+F10,5, Mac: +F10,5
  • Focus to Tab 6 "Trig" Ctrl+F10,6, Mac: +F10,6
  • Focus to Tab 7 "Geometry" Ctrl+F10,7, Mac: +F10,7
  • Focus to Tab 8 "Tab 8" Ctrl+F10,8, Mac: +F10,8
  • Focus to Tab 9 "Tab 9" Ctrl+F10,9, Mac: +F10,9

Commands for controlling the application's windows:

  • Minimize
  • Maximize
  • Move
  • Restore
  • Size

Keyboard Shortcuts for Symbols

Follow the links to reach detailed information about individual shortcuts.

Relational Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Less-than or equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,,
  • Greater-than or equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,.
  • Much less-than from Extra Math style
  • Much greater-than from Extra Math style
  • Precedes from Extra Math style
  • Succeeds from Extra Math style
  • Normal subgroup of from Extra Math style
  • Contains as normal subgroup from Extra Math style
  • Tilde operator from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Alt+~
  • Almost equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,~
  • Asymptotically equal to from Extra Math style
  • Approximately equal to from Symbol style
  • Not equal to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,+
  • Identical to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,=
  • Delta equal to from Extra Math style
  • Estimates from Extra Math style
  • Approaches the limit from Extra Math style
  • Proportional to from Symbol style Ctrl+K,P

Spaces and Ellipses

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Alignment mark Ctrl ;
  • Zero-width space Shift Space
  • 1-point space Ctrl Alt Space or Ctrl K,1
  • Thin space (1/6 EM) Ctrl Space or Ctrl K,2
  • Thick space (1/3 EM) Ctrl+Shift Space or Ctrl K,3
  • EM space Ctrl K,4
  • Horizontal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl .,_
  • Math-axis ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl .,-
  • Vertical ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl .,|
  • Up right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl .,/
  • Down right diagonal ellipsis from Extra Math style Ctrl .,\

Embellishments

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Remove all embellishments
  • Prime Ctrl Alt '
  • Double prime Ctrl "
  • Triple prime Ctrl+6,Alt '
  • Back prime Ctrl+6,`
  • Not Ctrl+6,N
  • Strike-through Ctrl+6,Alt-
  • Cross-out Ctrl+6,X
  • Slash (up) Ctrl+6,/
  • Slash (down) Ctrl+6,\
  • Single dot Ctrl Alt .
  • Double dot Ctrl+6,2
  • Triple dot Ctrl+6,3
  • Quad dot Ctrl+6,4
  • Under single dot Ctrl+6,!
  • Under double dot Ctrl+6,@
  • Under triple dot Ctrl+6,#
  • Under quad dot Ctrl+6,$
  • Over-bar Ctrl _
  • Tilde Ctrl+6,~
  • Arc (frown) Ctrl+6,9
  • Arc (smile) Ctrl+6,0
  • Hat Ctrl+6,6
  • Under bar Ctrl+6,_
  • Under tilde
  • Under arc (frown) Ctrl+6,(
  • Under arc (smile) Ctrl+6,)
  • Right arrow Ctrl Alt -
  • Left arrow Ctrl+6,
  • Double-headed arrow Ctrl+6,
  • Right harpoon Ctrl+6,Alt+
  • Left harpoon Ctrl+6,Alt+
  • Under right arrow Ctrl+6,Shift+
  • Under left arrow Ctrl+6,Shift+
  • Under double-headed arrow Ctrl+6,Shift+
  • Under right harpoon Ctrl+6,Alt+Shift+
  • Under left harpoon Ctrl+6,Alt+Shift+

Operator Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Plus-minus sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,=
  • Minus-plus sign from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,+
  • Multiplication sign from Symbol style Ctrl+K,T
  • Asterisk operator from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,*
  • Division sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,/
  • Circled plus from Symbol style
  • Circled times from Symbol style
  • Circled dot operator from Extra Math style
  • Dot operator from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,.
  • Medium dot operator (free radical) from Extra Math style
  • Bullet from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,8
  • Composition from Extra Math style
  • Left-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,<
  • Right-pointing angle bracket from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,>
  • Left white square bracket from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,[
  • Right white square bracket from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,]

Arrow Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Left right arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Alt+
  • Rightwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,
  • Leftwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,
  • Up down arrow from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Alt+
  • Upwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,
  • Downwards arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,
  • Left right double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Alt+Shift+
  • Rightwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+
  • Leftwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+
  • Up down double arrow from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Alt+Shift+
  • Upwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+
  • Downwards double arrow from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+
  • Double arrow northeast southwest from Extra Math style
  • North east arrow from Extra Math style
  • South west arrow from Extra Math style
  • Double arrow northwest southeast from Extra Math style
  • South east arrow from Extra Math style
  • North west arrow from Extra Math style
  • Rightwards arrow over leftwards arrow from Extra Math style
  • Arrow rightwards over small arrow leftwards from Extra Math style
  • Small arrow rightwards over arrow leftwards from Extra Math style
  • Right harpoon over left harpoon from Extra Math style
  • Harpoon right over small harpoon left from Extra Math style
  • Small harpoon right over harpoon left from Extra Math style
  • Rightwards arrow from bar from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Tab
  • Downwards arrow with corner leftwards from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Enter

Logical Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Therefore from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,T
  • Because or since from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,B
  • Small contains as member from Symbol style
  • There exists from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,E
  • For all from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,A
  • Not sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,N
  • Logical and from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,7
  • Logical or from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,\

Set Theory Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Element of from Symbol style Ctrl+K,E
  • Not an element of from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+E
  • Union from Symbol style Ctrl+K,U
  • Intersection from Symbol style Ctrl+K,X
  • Union from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Shift+U
  • Intersection from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,Shift+X
  • Subset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K,C
  • Superset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K,S
  • Subset of or equal to from Symbol style
  • Superset of or equal to from Symbol style
  • Not a subset of from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+C
  • Empty set from Symbol style Ctrl+K,O

Miscellaneous Symbols

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Partial differential from Symbol style Ctrl+K,D
  • Weierstrass elliptic symbol from Symbol style
  • Fraktur capital I from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+I
  • Fraktur capital R from Symbol style Ctrl+K,Shift+R
  • Alef symbol from Symbol style Ctrl+K,A
  • Blackboard-bold capital R from Extra Math style Ctrl+D,Shift+R
  • Blackboard-bold capital Z from Extra Math style Ctrl+D,Shift+Z
  • Blackboard-bold capital C from Extra Math style Ctrl+D,Shift+C
  • Blackboard-bold capital Q from Extra Math style Ctrl+D,Shift+Q
  • Blackboard-bold capital N from Extra Math style Ctrl+D,Shift+N
  • Infinity from Symbol style Ctrl+K,I
  • Planck constant over two pi from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,H
  • Latin small letter lambda with stroke from Extra Math style Ctrl+K,L
  • Script small L from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,L
  • Dagger from Function style
  • Greek capital letter Delta from Symbol style
  • Gradient (nabla) from Symbol style
  • Greek capital letter Omega from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,O
  • Inverted ohm sign from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,Shift+O
  • Diamond operator from Symbol style
  • N-ary summation from Symbol style
  • N-ary product from Symbol style
  • N-ary coproduct from Extra Math style
  • Integral from Symbol style
  • Degree sign from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,D
  • Angle from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,Shift+A
  • Measured angle from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,Alt+A
  • Spherical angle from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,Alt+Shift+A
  • Perpendicular from Symbol style Ctrl+Shift+K,P
  • Parallel to from Extra Math style Ctrl+Shift+K,|
  • White up-pointing triangle from Extra Math style
  • White square from Extra Math style
  • White rectangle from Extra Math style
  • White parallelogram from Extra Math style
  • White circle from Extra Math style

Greek Characters (Lowercase)

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Greek small letter alpha from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,A
  • Greek small letter beta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,B
  • Greek small letter chi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,C
  • Greek small letter delta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,D
  • Greek small letter epsilon from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,E
  • Greek phi symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,F
  • Greek small letter phi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,J
  • Greek small letter gamma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,G
  • Greek small letter eta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,H
  • Greek small letter iota from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,I
  • Greek small letter kappa from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,K
  • Greek small letter lamda from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,L
  • Greek small letter mu from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,M
  • Greek small letter nu from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,N
  • Greek small letter omicron from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,O
  • Greek small letter pi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,P
  • Greek pi symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,V
  • Greek small letter theta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Q
  • Greek theta symbol from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+J
  • Greek small letter rho from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,R
  • Greek small letter sigma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,S
  • Greek small letter final sigma from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+V
  • Greek small letter tau from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,T
  • Greek small letter upsilon from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,U
  • Greek small letter omega from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,W
  • Greek small letter xi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,X
  • Greek small letter psi from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Y
  • Greek small letter zeta from L.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Z

Greek Characters (Uppercase)

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Greek capital letter Alpha from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+A
  • Greek capital letter Beta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+B
  • Greek capital letter Chi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+C
  • Greek capital letter Delta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+D
  • Greek capital letter Epsilon from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+E
  • Greek capital letter Phi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+F
  • Greek capital letter Gamma from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+G
  • Greek capital letter Eta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+H
  • Greek capital letter Iota from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+I
  • Greek capital letter Kappa from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+K
  • Greek capital letter Lamda from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+L
  • Greek capital letter Mu from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+M
  • Greek capital letter Nu from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+N
  • Greek capital letter Omicron from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+O
  • Greek capital letter Pi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+P
  • Greek capital letter Theta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+Q
  • Greek capital letter Rho from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+R
  • Greek capital letter Sigma from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+S
  • Greek capital letter Tau from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+T
  • Greek upsilon with hook symbol from U.C. Greek style
  • Greek capital letter Omega from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+W
  • Greek capital letter Xi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+X
  • Greek capital letter Psi from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+Y
  • Greek capital letter Zeta from U.C. Greek style Ctrl+G,Shift+Z

Keyboard Shortcuts for Templates

Fence templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Parentheses, or round brackets Ctrl+9
  • Brackets, or square brackets Ctrl+[
  • Braces, or curly brackets Ctrl+{
  • Angle brackets (inner products, etc.) Ctrl+,
  • Single vertical bars (absolute value, determinant, etc.) Ctrl+T,|
  • Double vertical bars (norms)
  • Floor brackets
  • Ceiling brackets
  • Brackets denoting a type of interval
  • Brackets denoting a type of interval
  • Bra-ket (-ket)
  • Bra-ket (bra)
  • Brackets denoting a type of interval
  • Brackets denoting a type of interval
  • Brackets denoting a type of interval
  • Open brackets
  • Left parenthesis
  • Right parenthesis
  • Left bracket Ctrl+T,[
  • Right bracket Ctrl+T,]
  • Left brace Ctrl+T,{
  • Right brace Ctrl+T,}
  • Left angle bracket Ctrl+T,<
  • Right angle bracket Ctrl+T,>
  • Left vertical bar
  • Right vertical bar
  • Left double bar
  • Right double bar
  • Left open bracket
  • Right open bracket
  • Bra-ket
  • Upper horizontal brace
  • Lower horizontal brace
  • Upper horizontal bracket
  • Lower horizontal bracket

Fraction and radical templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Full-size fraction Ctrl+F
  • Reduced-size fraction Ctrl+T,Shift+F
  • Full-size diagonal fraction Ctrl+/
  • Reduced-size diagonal fraction Ctrl+T,?
  • Slash fraction Ctrl+T,Alt+/; Mac: +T,Ctrl+/
  • Square root Ctrl+R
  • nth root Ctrl+T,N
  • Long division Ctrl+T,D
  • Long division with quotient Ctrl+T,Shift+D

Subscript and superscript templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Superscript Ctrl+H; Mac: +E
  • Subscript Ctrl+L
  • Superscript and subscript Ctrl+J
  • Superscript to left of character
  • Subscript to left of character
  • Subscript and superscript to left of character
  • Over-script Ctrl+T,Shift+L
  • Under-script (limit) Ctrl+T,Alt+L; Mac: +T,Ctrl+L
  • Over-script and under-script Ctrl+T,L
  • Large operator with superscript limit
  • Large operator with subscript limit
  • Large operator with superscript and subscript limits
  • Large operator with over-script limit Ctrl+T,Shift+O
  • Large operator with under-script limit Ctrl+T,Alt+O; Mac: +T,Ctrl+O
  • Large operator with over-script and under-script limits Ctrl+T,O

Summation templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Summation with no limits Ctrl+T,Shift+S
  • Summation with underscript limit Ctrl+T,Alt+S; Mac: +T,Ctrl+S
  • Summation with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T,S
  • Summation with subscript limit
  • Summation with subscript and superscript limits

Integral templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Indefinite integral (no limits) Ctrl+Shift+I,!
  • Definite integral with overscript and underscript limits Ctrl+Shift+I,S
  • Definite integral with superscript and subscript limits Ctrl+I
  • Integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+S
  • Integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+1
  • Double integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I,@
  • Double integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,2
  • Double integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+2
  • Triple integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I,#
  • Triple integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,3
  • Triple integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+3
  • Contour integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I,Shift+C
  • Contour integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,C
  • Contour integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+C
  • Area integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I,Shift+A
  • Area integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,A
  • Area integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+A
  • Volume integral with no limits Ctrl+Shift+I,Shift+V
  • Volume integral with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,V
  • Volume integral with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+V
  • Integral with counter-clockwise loop without limits Ctrl+Shift+I,Shift+
  • Integral with counter-clockwise loop with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,
  • Integral with counter-clockwise loop with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+
  • Integral with clockwise loop without limits Ctrl+Shift+I,Shift+
  • Integral with clockwise loop with underscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,
  • Integral with clockwise loop with subscript limit Ctrl+Shift+I,Alt+

Underbar and overbar templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Tilde Ctrl+^,~
  • Hat Ctrl+^,6
  • Arc Ctrl+^,9
  • Joint status Ctrl+^,J
  • Over-bar Ctrl+^,-
  • Double over-bar Ctrl+^,D
  • Under-bar Ctrl+^,_
  • Double under-bar Ctrl+^,Shift+D
  • Right arrow over-bar Ctrl+^,
  • Left arrow over-bar Ctrl+^,
  • Right harpoon over-bar Ctrl+^,Alt+
  • Double-headed arrow over-bar Ctrl+^,
  • Right arrow under-bar Ctrl+^,Shift+
  • Left arrow under-bar Ctrl+^,Shift+
  • Right harpoon under-bar Ctrl+^,Alt+Shift+
  • Double-headed arrow under-bar Ctrl+^,Shift+
  • Mid-line strike-through Ctrl+^,Alt+-
  • Strike-through Ctrl+^,X
  • Strike-through (bottom-left to upper-right) Ctrl+^,/
  • Strike-through (top-left to bottom-right) Ctrl+^,\

Labeled arrow templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Right arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T,Shift+
  • Right arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T,Alt+
  • Right arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T,
  • Left arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T,Shift+
  • Left arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T,Alt+
  • Left arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T,
  • Double-headed arrow with upper text slot Ctrl+T,Shift+
  • Double-headed arrow with lower text slot Ctrl+T,Alt+
  • Double-headed arrow arrow with upper and lower text slots Ctrl+T,
  • Double arrow with upper text slot
  • Double arrow with lower text slot
  • Double arrow with upper and lower text slots
  • Large over small arrow with upper text slot
  • Large over small arrow with lower text slot
  • Large over small arrow with upper and lower text slots
  • Small over large arrow with upper text slot
  • Small over large arrow with lower text slot
  • Small over large arrow with upper and lower text slots
  • Harpoons with upper text slot
  • Harpoons with lower text slot
  • Harpoons with upper and lower text slots
  • Large over small harpoon with upper text slot
  • Large over small harpoon with lower text slot
  • Large over small harpoon with upper and lower text slots
  • Small over large harpoon with upper text slot
  • Small over large harpoon with lower text slot
  • Small over large harpoon with upper and lower text slots

Products and set theory templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Product with no limits Ctrl+T,Shift+P
  • Product with underscript limit Ctrl+T,Alt+P; Mac: +T,Ctrl+P
  • Product with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T,P
  • Product with subscript limit
  • Product with subscript and superscript limits
  • Coproduct with no limits Ctrl+T,Shift+C
  • Coproduct with underscript limit Ctrl+T,Alt+C; Mac: +T,Ctrl+C
  • Coproduct with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T,C
  • Coproduct with subscript limit
  • Coproduct with subscript and superscript limits
  • Intersection with no limits Ctrl+T,Shift+I
  • Intersection with underscript limit Ctrl+T,Alt+I
  • Intersection with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T,I
  • Intersection with subscript limit
  • Intersection with subscript and superscript limits
  • Union with no limits Ctrl+T,Shift+U
  • Union with underscript limit Ctrl+T,Alt+U; Mac: +T,Ctrl+U
  • Union with underscript and overscript limits Ctrl+T,U
  • Union with subscript limit
  • Union with subscript and superscript limits

Matrix templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • 1 row, 2 column matrix
  • 2 row, 1 column matrix
  • 2 row, 2 column matrix Ctrl+M,2 (Windows & Mac)
  • 1 row, 3 column matrix
  • 3 row, 1 column matrix
  • 3 row, 3 column matrix Ctrl+M,3 (Windows & Mac)
  • 1 row, 4 column matrix
  • 4 row, 1 column matrix
  • 4 row, 4 column matrix Ctrl+M,4 (Windows & Mac)
  • Variable-size row matrix
  • Variable-size column matrix
  • Variable-size matrix or table Ctrl+M,N (Windows & Mac)

Box templates

For Mac shortcuts, substitute key for Ctrl key, except as noted. Alt key is the same as .

  • Box (top and left sides)
  • Box (top and right sides)
  • Box (bottom and left sides)
  • Box (bottom and right sides)
  • Box Ctrl+Shift+T,X